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Directions: From East: SR-16, 11 miles west of Starke on left. From North (Macclenny): SR-121 south approximately 17 miles to SR-16 (before town of Raiford). Turn left onto SR-16. Go approximately 2 miles. The Institution is on the right. From West (Lake City): SR-100 approximately 23 miles to SR-121 (Lake Butler), turn left. Go approximately 6 miles. Just outside town of Raiford turn right (east) onto SR-16. Go approximately 2 miles. The Institution is on the right. Please Note: GPS systems and mapping sites such as Mapquest, Bing Maps, or Google Maps often provide incorrect directions to our prison facilities using the physical address. Please use the above directions when traveling to this prison or click the map to the right of this page.
Historical Information: This facility was established in 1913 as temporary stockades to house infirmed inmates who could not be leased to private businesses. At that time the institution, called the State Prison Farm housed approximately six hundred inmates, both male and female. In 1923, the system of leasing inmates was discontinued, and at the same time, the number of inmates at the State Prison Farm increased. In 1927, the license tag factory was built, and in 1928, the Main Housing Unit "The Rock" was constructed. Later, the mess hall, auditorium and library were added. By 1932, the inmate population numbered more than 2,000 men and women. In 1932, a laundry and shirt factory were erected and in 1935, a maximum security segregation building was constructed called the Flat Top. Death Row, including the electric chair, was also located in this building. In early 1954, an annex, which housed Death Row exclusively, was added. (It was later called the Band Room.)
The West Unit was constructed in 1935 to house female offenders. However, in 1954, Florida Correctional institution was opened, and the female inmates were transferred from the State Prison Farm to that facility. The West Unit was then converted to the reception and medical facility until 1968 when the Reception and Medical Center opened at Lake Butler. In 1955, the Old Administration Building was constructed, and in 1955, a maximum security facility was constructed on the Bradford County side of the property, and designated the "O" Unit. This building was named the East Unit. In 1958, construction of a "modern architecture" 1175 bed maximum security unit was constructed alongside the "O" Unit, which together, became the East Unit. In 1961, Death Row inmates and the electric chair were moved to the East Unit.
In July of 1972, the East Unit became a separate institution and was renamed Florida State Prison. The original Florida State Prison became Union Correctional Institution. In 1975, a "modern" new housing area, consisting of thirteen separate units, was constructed and designated the Southwest Unit. In 1985, the Southeast Unit was completed and "The Rock" was simultaneously closed by federal court order. In 1992, a new Death Row housing unit was built and inmates relocated from Florida State Prison. Currently Union C.I. houses adult male inmates. Union C.I. opened a 432 bed work camp in October 2013.
Total Staff (on 7/14): 731
Facility Profile Information: Last updated 7/14
See the general information section for help with terms on this page and other frequently asked questions.
|Type of Housing Units:|
|Open Bay Housing Units||0|
|Cell Housing Units||20|
|Room Housing Units||0|
|Adult or Youthful||Adult|
|Special Accommodations||Elderly (50+)|
|Self Contained Housing Units||Yes|
|Designated Confinement Space||Yes|
|Custody Grades||Maximum, Close, Medium, Minimum, Community|
|Medical Grades||1 through 5|
|Psychological Grades||1 through 5|
|Hearing Impaired Capabilities||Yes|
Substance Abuse Programs:
Institutional Betterment Programs:
Community Work Squads:
|Dept. of Transportation||No|
|Public Work Squads||Yes|
| Interagency Community
Service Work Squads
|Contracted Work Squads||No|