Florida becomes a U.S. territory. A few primitive county jails are the closest thing to prisons for convicted felons in Florida during its years as a U.S. Territory.
After Seminole, Spanish, French and British rule, Florida became a U.S. territory in 1821, and a state in 1845; but didn't actually create the first prison until after the Civil War (1861-1865).
In the Jacksonian Period, development
of prisons increased nationwide, reflecting
a shift in public opinion and a decline in
support for harsh discipline.
Large crowds gathered
for public hangings. Many offenses were
punishable by death.
Territorial Governor Robert Reid stressed the need for prisons
and the abolition of "barbarous"
penalties such as whipping, branding,
and the pillory. He also pressed for one jail in every district because there was not a secure jail in any of the East Florida counties.