Leg-irons, shotgun squads, chain gangs, horizontally striped prison uniforms, whippings and sweat boxes are used. There is also the American Collar, a device for the neck that is used to force inmates into submission.
Leg irons restrict the distance between the wearer's feet, making escape more difficult.
Officer stands watch with a firearm.
December 31, 1928:
A main housing unit, later nicknamed "The Rock," is added to the State Prison Farm at Raiford. Officers worked 12-hour days for $720 a year, plus room and board.
"NEW PRISON MODERN ONE" the new prison building under construction to be completed early in summer, one building covering three acres, built of concrete and tool-proof steel interlaced throughout the walls, every position giving prisoners advantage of sunlight and air, building built by convict labor at a cost of approximately $300,000.
Captain Ike Steel was stabbed by an inmate at the road prison in Panama City, Florida, on September 3, 1928. Captain Steel died from knife wounds three days later on September 6, 1928.
Aerial photo of main housing unit at the Raiford State Prison in the 1920s. (Photo courtesy of FPC.)
Inmates kept under control
Inmates were made to wear striped pants. (Photo courtesy of FPC.)
Inside a cell housing unit
Breaking & entering with intent to commit misdemeanor