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Crimes and Sentencing of 10-20-Life Felons

Mandatory Minimum Sentences by Crime Type

For those felons who used a gun to commit a crime, examining the type of crime that generated their longest mandatory minimum sentence reveals information about how they used the gun while committing that kind of crime.

OFFENSE TYPE MAXIMUM MANDATORY SENTENCE TOTAL
LIFE 25 YR-LIFE 20 YR 10 YR 3 YR

MURDER / MANSLAUGHTER

10.8%

49.5%

15.7%

23.9%

0.2%

100.0%

SEXUAL / LEWD BEHAVIOR

0.0%

9.5%

9.5%

81.0%

0.0%

100.0%

ROBBERY

0.6%

2.7%

5.8%

90.7%

0.2%

100.0%

OTHER VIOLENT

1.3%

13.6%

16.9%

66.7%

1.5%

100.0%

BURGLARY

0.4%

2.1%

3.2%

94.0%

0.4%

100.0%

PROPERTY / THEFT

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

100.0%

DRUGS

0.0%

0.0%

3.7%

96.3%

0.0%

100.0%

WEAPONS

0.0%

0.0%

0.1%

1.7%

98.2%

100.0%

OTHER

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

100.0%

TOTAL

2.0%

10.1%

6.4%

49.1%

32.4%

100.0%

  • Over three-fourths (76.0%) of the 594 murder or manslaughter felons received a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years or longer, indicating that the gun was fired; and almost three-fifths (60.3%) received a mandatory sentence of 25 years or longer, indicating a victim was injured or killed. (Note: Categories include crimes of attempt, accessory, and conspiracy to commit the crime also.)

  • In contrast, only 9.1% of the 1,290 robbery felons received a mandatory sentence of 20 years or longer. In other words, 90.7% of robbery felons pulled the gun but did not pull the trigger.

  • Among the 396 other violent crime felons (for example, aggravated assaulters and batterers), 31.8% fired the gun and 14.9% injured the victim.

  • Almost all (94.4%) of the burglars who received a 10-20-Life sentence only pulled or had a gun during the commission of the crime. Only 2.5% shot and injured a victim.

  • To date, an insufficient number of 10-20-Life cases occur in the crime categories of sexual or lewd behavior (21) or drugs (27) to support this kind of analysis of criminal gun use.
Mandatory Minimums by Crime Type:  Murder received the highest number 25-life year sentences (59.9%) and Drugs received the lowest with 100% receiving 10 yr sentences



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