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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

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Bureau of State Investigations

The Bureau of State Investigations is responsible for conducting criminal, administrative and internal affairs investigations. The Bureau also coordinates the agency's Get Lean Hot-Line activity, inmate drug testing program, contraband interdiction program, "Prison Tips" program, and serves as the final reviewing authority for all "use-of-force" incidents.

Investigations

When completed, criminal investigations are referred to the appropriate State Attorney's Office for prosecution. Administrative and internal affairs investigations are referred to management for appropriate follow-up action.

During the 2007-08 fiscal year, 30,413 incidents were reported to the Inspector General's Office. Those incidents were classified in the following categories:

Legend Classification of Incident Number
CAS Complaints Against Staff 9,598
IID Inmate Injuries or Death 3,269
CPV Crimes vs. Persons (Violent) 5,409
CPN Crimes vs. Persons - Property (Non-Violent) 669
EAS Escape / Attempted Escape 387
RPC Recovery/Possession of Contraband 3,897
EMA Employee Arrests 334
OTH Other 6,850
TOTAL 30,413

Of these 30,413 incidents, 4,788 official investigations were assigned as indicated by the chart below.

Field Office Senior Inspectors Institutional Inspectors Total
Tallahassee 366 719 1,085
Gainesville 640 856 1,496
Orlando 335 332 667
Ft. Lauderdale 281 437 718
Tampa 449 373 822
TOTAL 2,071 2,717 4,788

Of the 4,788 investigations assigned, 341 were forwarded to State Attorney's Offices throughout Florida for possible criminal prosecution.

2007-2008 Incidents Classified by Type: Escapge / Attempted Escape 1%, Recovery/Possession of Contraband 13%, Employee Arrests 1%, Other 23%, Complaints Against Staff 32%, Inmate Injuries or Death 11%, Crimes vs. Persons (violent) 18%, Crimes vs. persons - Property (non-violent) 2%

Investigation Highlights

As illustrated by the "Classification of Incident" chart above, the majority of reported incidents involved:

  • Complaints against staff, which include improper conduct, alleged excessive use of force, and staff/offender relationships. (32%)
  • Crimes vs. persons (violent), which include battery on a law enforcement officer, battery on another inmate, sexual battery, and possession of a weapon. (18%)
  • Recovery and possession of contraband. (13%)
  • Inmate injuries or deaths, which included suicide, suicide attempts, homicides, natural deaths, accidental deaths and injuries. (11%)

Use of Force

Established in 1999, the unit is charged with reviewing all incidents of physical force at state correctional facilities to ensure compliance with established rules, procedures and statutes.

To accomplish this mission, the unit independently reviews and evaluates all force incident reports, associated documents and videotapes as required from each correctional facility or office. Evidence indicating possible procedural violations, inmate abuse, excessive/ improper/ unauthorized force, or battery by staff is referred to the Bureau of State Investigations and an internal investigation is conducted.

The use-of-force database has been enhanced to automatically notify management of employee involvement in multiple use-of-force incidents. Recent database advances also facilitate more detailed trend analysis and classification of incidents by type. Uses-of-force are classified as major incidents whenever the chemical agent CS or Electronic Restraint Devices are used, and/or whenever outside medical treatment is required for employees or inmates as a result of the incident of force.

The following chart categorizes all incidents reported to the Use of Force Unit from July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008.

Classification Reason Force Was Used Number
27A Self Defense 606
27B Escape/Recapture 3
27C Prevent Escape During Transport 2
27D Prevent Property Damage 9
27E Quell a Disturbance 1,711
27F Physical Resistance to a Lawful Command 1,505
27G Prevent Suicide 303
27H Restrain Inmate for Medical Treatment 77
27I Cell Extraction 207
27J Mental Health Restraint 241
27K Probation & Parole Handcuffing 1
27O Other 5
TOTAL 4,670

Corrections Intelligence Unit

The Corrections Intelligence Unit collects, analyzes, and disseminates data and investigative information to assist and support the Inspector General’s Office and Department of Corrections.  It also researches and compiles data in response to law enforcement and Homeland Security issues, and works closely with other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. The Unit also represents the Department of Corrections on the Florida FUSION Center, a statewide collaborative intelligence project directed towards Homeland Security issues.

Contraband Interdiction Unit

The Contraband Interdiction Unit, established in 1993, provides a safer environment for employees, inmates and visitors at state correctional facilities by detecting and discouraging the introduction of contraband -- in particular illegal narcotics.  The Unit conducts unannounced contraband interdictions and searches using inspectors and certified Narcotic Canine Teams.  During the often weekend-long interdictions, employees, visitors, volunteers, inmates, vehicles and facility grounds are searched for contraband.  Individuals also are subject to inspection using a chemical detection device which employs advanced “Ion Mobility Spectrometry” technology to detect traces of illegal drugs.  Random interdiction operations and canine sweeps are conducted at all agency facilities.

Narcotic Canine Teams

The Drug Detection Canine Unit consists of nine full-time canine teams with specially equipped vehicles, located strategically around the state. Working in conjunction with the Inspector General's Contraband Interdiction Unit, the teams participate in contraband interdictions and targeted searches at Department of Correction prisons and other facilities. The canine teams also work closely with institutional inspectors and provide investigative support.

The chart below summarizes the arrests and seizures generated by interdiction operations statewide during Fiscal Year 2007-08:

Interdiction Arrests/Seizures FY 07-08
Arrests:
Employees 2
Visitors 6
Inmates 0
Seizures:
Alcohol (gallons)
commercial 26.37
homemade 11.45
Drugs (grams)

marijuana

279.3

cocaine

18.5

other

0

prescription/arrest (each)

30
Weapons

commercial sharps

8

homemade sharps

8

blunt instruments

0

firearms (in vehicles)

60

ammunition (rounds, in vehicles)

6,524

cash (excess or contraband)

$36,189
Ionscans:
Employees 3,567
Visitors 2,802
Inmates 1,452
Total Ionscans 7,821

Inmate Drug Testing Program

The Inmate Drug Testing Program manages inmate selection, testing procedures, and results analysis for inmate drug tests statewide.  This responsibility also encompasses ordering testing supplies, training officers to perform the tests, and program audits.

The following chart describes test results for Fiscal Year 2007-08:

Inmate Drug Test Conducted during FY 2007-08
Reason for Test Total Selected Not Tested Valid Tests Negative Tests Positive Tests Percent Positive

Random

67,372 639 66,319 65,112 1,207 1.82%

For Cause

6,180 9 5,981 4,877 1,104 18.46%

Drug Treatment Program (SAP)

37,373 205 37,141 37,081 60 0.16%

TOTAL

110,925 853 109,441 107,070 2,371 2.17%

Prison Tips

The Bureau oversees the "Prison Tips" program, which collects criminal intelligence on unsolved or ongoing criminal activity, both inside and outside the department, from inmates, probationers, and other persons who may have knowledge of this type of activity. "Prison Tips" offers an anonymous method to provide this ^information.

The “Tips” line can be accessed from inmate phones within all department facilities, or by a toll-free number (1-866-599-1778) from phones outside the facilities. Calls are monitored by the Office of the Inspector General. Information provided by callers is reviewed and forwarded to appropriate Department staff or the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the reported activity.

Callers have the option of establishing a voice mailbox, accessed by a unique pass code, to receive feedback from the Inspector General's Office on the status of the information they provide. This also provides a secure mechanism for communicating with the individual if they become eligible for a cash reward offered by law enforcement.

Get Lean Hot-Line

The bureau coordinates department responses to suggestions and complaints received via the Comptroller's Get Lean Hot-Line. During FY 2007-08, the bureau received nine complaints alleging staff misconduct.