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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Timothy H. Cannon, Interim Secretary

Florida Department of Corrections, Office of Inspector General, Annual Report.

Bureau of Investigations

Investigations

The Bureau of Investigations is responsible for conducting criminal and administrative investigations and provides oversight of all use of force incidents.

When completed, criminal investigations for which probable cause a crime has occurred exists, are referred to the appropriate prosecutorial entity for consideration for prosecution. Administrative investigations are referred to management for appropriate follow-up action.

More than 37,400 incidents were reported to the OIG during Fiscal Year 2011-12.

2011-2012 Incidents Classified by Type: Escape / Attempted Escape 1%, Recovery/Possession of Contraband 20%, Employee Arrests 1%, Other 19%, Complaints Against Staff 27%, Inmate Injuries or Death 7%, Crimes vs. Persons (violent) 17%, Crimes vs. Persons - Property (non-violent) 8%

As illustrated by the "Classification of Incidents" chart above, the majority of reported incidents involved:

  • Complaints against staff, including improper conduct, alleged excessive force, and staff/offender relationships (27%), a decrease of 3% from last fiscal year.
  • Crimes vs. persons (violent), including battery on a law enforcement officer, battery on another inmate, sexual battery, and possession of a weapon (17%), an increase of 1% from last fiscal year.
  • Possession or recovery of contraband (20%), an increase of 5% from last fiscal year.
  • Inmate injuries or deaths, including suicide, suicide attempts, homicides, natural deaths, accidental deaths and injuries (7%), a decrease of 2% from last fiscal year.
Classification of Incident Number
Complaints Against Staff 10,357
Recovery / Possession of Contraband 7,374
Employee Arrests 291
Escape / Attempted Escape 292
Inmate Injuries or Death 2,667
Crimes vs. Persons - Property (Non-Violent) 3,098
Crimes vs. Persons (Violent) 6,468
Other 7,270

TOTAL

37,817
Source: IGLOGS Cases Assigned by Category annual summary for
07/01/2011 to 06/30/2012, report dated 8/10/2012.

Of the above reported incidents, 3,359 were assigned to inspectors for official investigation as indicated in the chart below. One of every 4.5 cases referred, approximately 703, were classified as criminal. The remaining cases were assigned for administrative investigation.

Field Office Senior Inspectors Institutional Inspectors Total
Region I  260 456 716
Region II  437 737 1,174
Region III  286 390 676
Region IV  399 394 793
TOTAL  1,382 1,977 3,359
Source: IGLOGS Cases Assigned by Field Office annual summary for
07/01/2011 to 06/30/2012, report dated 8/10/2012.

Use of Force Unit

Established in 1999, the Use of Force Unit is responsible for reviewing all incidents involving the use of force at state and private correctional facilities, and those involving probation officers, to ensure compliance with established rules, procedures and statutes.

To accomplish this mission, the Use of Force Unit independently reviews and evaluates all use of force incident reports, associated documents and videotapes as required from each correctional facility or office. Evidence indicating possible procedural violations, inmate abuse, excessive/improper/unauthorized force, or battery by staff is referred to Investigations.

The use of force database was enhanced to notify management of employee involvement in multiple use of force incidents. Uses of force are classified as major incidents whenever weapons, the chemical agent “CS”, or electronic restraint devices are used, when force is used in a cell extraction, or when outside medical treatment is required for employees or inmates as a result of use of force. Other physical contact with inmates, including use of the chemical agent “OC”, is classified as minor. The following chart reflects force incidents reported to the Unit in Fiscal Year 2011-12.
Classification Reason Force Was Used Number
27A Self Defense 770
27B Escape/Recapture 1
27C Prevent Escape During Transport 3
27D Prevent Property Damage 65
27E Quell a Disturbance 2,279
27F Physical Resistance to a Lawful Command 2,274
27G Prevent Suicide 826
27H Restrain Inmate for Medical Treatment 30
27I Cell Extraction 224
27J Mental Health Restraint 150
27K Probation & Parole Handcuffing 1
27O Other 29
TOTAL 6,652
Source: IGLOGS

The number of use of force incidents reported has increased since 2007, rising more than 90% in five years, along with the increase in inmate population, which has increased more than 8% in the same period.

2007 - 3457; 2008 - 4670; 2009 - 5086; 2010 - 6212; 2011 - 6512; 2012 - 6652

As illustrated by these two charts, use of force incidents were up approximately 2% in the same period last fiscal year, while the inmate population decreased approximately 2% in the same period.

2007 - 92,844; 2008 - 98,192; 2009 - 100,894; 2010 - 102,232; 2011 - 102,319; 2012 - 100,527

 

Intelligence Unit

The Intelligence Unit collects, analyzes, and utilizes data and information from multiple internal agency and external sources to provide information to support investigative operations and to identify trends, contraband introduction methods, officer safety issues, gang activities, and criminal activity on Department property. Programmatic and investigative statistical information, as requested, is also provided to senior management. The Intelligence Unit provides information to outside law enforcement on request and, via the Florida Fusion Center, serves as liaison with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Department of Homeland Security. Two Intelligence Unit members are FDLE certified crime analysts.

The Intelligence Unit is responsible for preparation of information and intelligence products on varied topics, including drug seizure data analysis, emergence of synthetic cannabinoids as drug of concern, cellular telephone seizures, investigative caseload analysis, and the publishing of a monthly Intelligence Bulletin.

The Corrections Intelligence Initiative (CII) is a program sponsored by the FBI designed to assist correctional facilities in their efforts to detect, deter, and disrupt efforts by terrorist or extremist groups to radicalize or recruit among inmate populations. The CII facilitates the flow of domestic and homeland security information to the FBI. The Intelligence Unit has been responsible for creation of intelligence products shared nationally via the Department of Homeland Security and for reporting in eGuardian, the FBI national intelligence sharing system. Two Intelligence Unit members are ad hoc members of the North Florida Joint Terrorism Task Force and the North Florida Regional Domestic Security Task Force.

 

Florida Fusion Center

Florida Fusion Center Banner

The Florida Fusion Center, located in Tallahassee, Florida, serves as Florida’s primary fusion center for the gathering, processing, analysis and dissemination of terrorism, law enforcement and homeland security information.

Intelligence Liaison Officers (ILOs) are vetted to participate in the Fusion process and hold the appropriate security clearance with the Department of Homeland Security. The OIG has three liaison officers with the Florida Fusion Center - two from the Intelligence Unit and one from the Security Threat Group/Gang Unit.

The Intelligence Unit represents the Department at the Florida Fusion Center and serves as primary point of contact for the Corrections Intelligence Initiative.

 

Fugitive Unit

Wanted!

The Fugitive Unit was created in January 2007 to help protect citizens by locating and coordinating the arrest of fugitives from the Department.

The Fugitive Unit locates fugitives from justice by using multiple sources and methods to develop a link to the individual being sought. The Fugitive Unit then works with local, state, national, and international law enforcement to identify, search out, and return fugitives to custody.

The Fugitive Unit provides investigative assistance to other law enforcement agencies as requested to locate fugitives from other jurisdictions who may be residing within or have family ties to Florida. In July 2008, the Department joined with FDLE as part of an on-going initiative to track down the most violent of Florida’s fugitives. This partnership with FDLE resulted in the arrest of several of the Department's violent cold-case fugitives.

The Department continues in its efforts to build working relationships with other law enforcement agencies with the intent to locate and capture our fugitives in order to return them to custody. In 2007, the Department’s partnership with FDLE blossomed into an end-of-year holiday campaign designated the “12 Days of Fugitives.” That partnership resulted in the clearing of several cold-case fugitive investigations.

In June 2012, the Department, in conjunction with the Florida Association of Crime Stoppers, the Office of the Attorney General, and FDLE partnered together to make it easier for inmates, probationers, and other concerned individuals to anonymously provide important information to law enforcement to help solve crimes. The images and names of Florida’s five most wanted fugitives and five most wanted absconders are now advertised on billboards and in other media. The effort has already produced positive results for the Department.

During Fiscal Year 2011-12, three cold cases were closed by recapture, and, during this same period, six cold cases were investigated and closed by obtaining death certificate. During this same reporting period, the Fugitive Unit assisted in the return of 165 fugitives to the custody of the State. Since 2007, the Fugitive Unit has facilitated 932 recaptures. There were six attempted and foiled escapes from Florida correctional institutions during Fiscal Year 2011-12. There were no escapes in Fiscal Year 2011-12 that constituted a breach of a secure perimeter.

 

Contraband Interdiction/Narcotic Canine Unit

An image of a box containing a knife, gun and bags full of a powder substance.

The Contraband Interdiction Unit promotes a safer environment for employees, inmates and visitors at state correctional institutions by detecting and discouraging the introduction of contraband such as weapons, cellular telephones and narcotics.  Interdiction inspectors conduct unannounced contraband searches with assistance from certified narcotic canine teams. During the interdictions, employees, visitors, volunteers, inmates, vehicles, and facility grounds are searched for contraband. Individuals also are subject to inspection using a chemical detection device which employs advanced Ion Mobility Spectrometry technology to detect traces of illegal drugs. Random interdiction operations and canine sweeps are conducted at all state and private prisons.

The OIG operates 20 full-time canine teams comprised of 26 inspectors strategically located throughout the state. The teams participate in interdiction and search operations at prisons and other facilities statewide. The canine teams also work closely with institutional inspectors and provide investigative support.

K-9 team searching a dorm.

The following chart summarizes arrests and seizures generated by the OIG’s canine teams and interdiction operations during Fiscal Year 2011-12.

K9 / Drug Interdiction Team Operations FY 2011-12
Arrests:
Employees 8
Visitors 29
Inmates 33
Contraband Seized:
Alcohol (gallons)
Commercial 37
Homemade 188
Drugs (grams)
Marijuana 2,774
Tobacco (reporting started 01/2012) 29,357
Synthetic Cannabinoid 4,127
Cocaine 34
Other 2(meth)
Prescription drugs (each) 623
Weapons, Cell Phones, Money
Firearms (in vehicles on state property) 20
Ammunition (rounds, in vehicles) 2,635
Knives/sharps (entering or inside institution) 335
Cell phones or parts/accessories 343
Cash (excessive or contraband) $6,019
Ion Scans (drug screening tests):
Employees 140
Visitors 0
Inmates 342
Total Scans Conducted 482

Source: K9/Drug Interdiction

Inmate Drug Testing Program

The OIG manages selection, testing procedures, and results analysis for inmate drug testing statewide. This responsibility also encompasses projecting and ordering testing supplies, certifying staff to perform the tests, contract monitoring, and ensuring program compliance.

The chart below summarizes drug test results for Fiscal Year 2011-12.

Inmate Drug Tests Conducted During FY 2011-12
Reason for Test Total Selected Not Tested Valid Tests Negative Tests Positive Tests Percent Positive
Random 72,558 1,934 70,624 70,010 614 0.87%
For Cause 3,207 96 3,111 2,677 434 13.95%
Drug Treatment Program (SAP) 61,517 1,554 59,963 59,925 38 0.06%
TOTAL 137,282 3,584 133,698 132,612 1,086 0.81%
Source: Intelligence

The number of positive tests reported decreased compared to the same period last fiscal year.

Prison TIPS

Picture of a pay phone.

The Intelligence Unit oversees the prison “TIPS” line which was accessed over 15,000 times this fiscal year. The “TIPS” line was accessed 2.5 times more this fiscal year compared to last fiscal year. This increase is partially attributed to the PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) and Fraud Waste and Abuse Hotline being made a part of the “TIPS” line.

Inmates, probationers, and other callers who may have knowledge of these activities can use the “TIPS” line as an anonymous method to provide information. The “TIPS” line can be accessed from inmate telephones within all Department facilities or by a toll-free number (1-866-246-4412) from telephones outside the facilities. Callers have the option of establishing a voice mailbox, accessed by a unique pass code, which is provided upon the caller’s request. This provides a mechanism to exchange messages and information from the caller and the OIG on the status of the provided information.

Phone calls made to the “TIPS” line are reviewed each week day and the information provided is used to collect criminal intelligence on unsolved or ongoing criminal activity, both inside and outside of the Department. Information provided by callers is reviewed and forwarded to the appropriate Department staff or to the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the reported activity.

The “TIPS” tracking process has matured and, for the first time since its inception, the number of calls forwarded has been formally tracked. Information from approximately 2,500 “TIPS” calls were forwarded this past fiscal year to Regional Offices for further review and appropriate action.

Security Threat Intelligence Unit

An image of lightning with the word 'STORMS'.

The Inspector General's Security Threat Intelligence Unit (STIU) collects, analyzes and distributes intelligence related to criminal gang activity both within and outside the state correctional system. The STIU assists institutional staff by reviewing gang-related incidents as they occur in prison settings, and making recommendations for relocating or restricting inmates based on their role in the incident.

The STIU utilizes the Security Threat Operational Review Management System (STORMS) as the primary method of recording and communicating disruptive behavior of security threat group members, and any other activities which they may be involved. An intelligence gathering tool, STORMS stores data on suspected and confirmed members of security threat groups who are currently incarcerated, confirmed members of security threat groups, and those who are released from Department custody. STORMS is designed to give the Department and other law enforcement agencies a blueprint of gang activities in Florida by permitting Department staff to conduct gang, trend and tattoo analysis in order to evaluate any information deemed critical to the orderly operation of the Department and the safety of the citizens of the State.

As of June 30, 2012, 8,289 of the Department's 100,527 inmates (8.25%) were identified as gang members. This represents an increase of 0.25% from June 30, 2011.

Gang Related Activity

Robbery - 1921; Burglary - 1708; Murder/Manslaughter - 1200; Violent, Other - 1083; Drugs - 767; Sexual/Lewd Behavior - 432; Property Theft/Fruad/Damage - 406; Weapons - 400; Other - 372.

Another 2,092 of the Department's probationers have been identified as gang members. One or more gang members are sentenced to Department custody from each of Florida's 67 counties.

Security Threat Groups by County of Conviction

As shown in the chart below, the most prevalent within the inmate and offender population is the Latin Kings, followed by Gangster Disciples, and then the Bloods.

Gangs most prevalent within the inmate & offender populations are the Latin Kings followed by the Gangster Disciples.

The STIU reviewed 47,552 incident reports in which 5,420 of those incidents had an STIU member involved in some manner.

During the past year, the STIU presented information on Florida gang activity to the Conley Elementary School, Fairview Middle School, Saint Leo University, Wakulla Correctional Institution, Florida Fusion Center, and at various training workshops for Department staff.

In the last year, the STIU received over 150 emails a month from Department staff, law enforcement, college students and concerned parents regarding gangs. Some of these emails came from the STIU link on the Department’s public website (http://www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/gangs/).

During the last fiscal year, the STIU sent out more than 2,600 notices to law enforcement agencies, informing them of pending releases of gang members from Department custody back into their communities. The STIU also notifies law enforcement agencies monthly of gang members who are serving terms of probation in their jurisdictions.

Release Notices of Gang Members by County Total Per Year

Gang tattoos and graffiti identity gang members and territories or turf. Some of these are displayed below:

Examples showing: BDG Graffiti, A Bloods member on probation, a Hitler & Clansmen tattoo, and a Sur 13 tattoo

EEO Investigative Unit

The Inspector General’s Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Investigative Unit is responsible for examining alleged violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, Florida Administrative Code Chapter 60L-36.004, and Chapter 110, Florida Statutes.

EEO complaints are received through several channels, including the Department's internal complaint procedure, the Florida Commission on Human Relations (FCHR) and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

The EEO Investigative Unit is staffed by a supervisor and three senior inspectors, and is charged with ensuring that all complaints are fully investigated. During Fiscal Year 2011-12, the EEO Investigative Unit investigated 158 EEO complaints originating from the following sources:

FY 2011-12 EEO Complaints Filed
Number Complaint Source
62 Internal Department Process (formal and informal)
45 FCHR
51 EEOC
Source: Civil Rights/EEO

Whistle-blower Unit

The Whistle-blower Unit is the designated liaison between the Chief Inspector General’s Office (CIG) and the OIG. The Whistle-blower Unit coordinates and conducts Whistle-Blower investigations pursuant to Florida law.

During Fiscal Year 2011-12, the Whistle-blower Unit processed 44 Whistle-blower cases.