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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Timothy H. Cannon, Interim Secretary

Community-Based Treatment Modalities

  1. Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

    1. Intervention and Assessment Programs

      1. Drug Testing - The department has a comprehensive, random drug testing program to monitor offenders drug usage while on community supervision Testing is used as both an identification and screening tool and a monitoring technique. The following is a description of the drug testing methodologies used by the department:
        1. On-Site Urinalysis
          The advantages of this testing methodology are that the results are known immediately, it is cost effective, and it is a useful intervention and confrontation tool. On-site urinalysis is only a screening test. Therefore, if an offender denies a positive test, a second confirmation (laboratory) test must be conducted on the urine sample prior to any court hearing.
        2. Laboratory Urinalysis
          The laboratory is certified by the federal, Substance Abuse Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA). The laboratory conducts an initial screening test on a urine sample, the retest a positive result using a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) confirmation test. The laboratory tests a specimen for multiple drugs, and the laboratory urinalysis is more expensive than the on-site test.
        3. Breath Alcohol
          The breath alcohol on-site measures at a .02 percent level within 30 seconds when an offender blows into it. The screening test is a cost-effective test with immediate results.

      2. Assessment - Court ordered offenders receive a substance abuse assessment that includes drug history, treatment history, profile and recommendations. The assessment determines the presence or severity of a substance abuse problem and makes a clinical decision regarding the level of treatment an offender requires.

      3. TASC - - An integral part of intervention programs is Treatment Alternative to Street Crime (TASC). TASC agencies primarily service substance abusers involved in the criminal justice system. TASC services including screening, case identification, court liaison, offender referral and tracking.

    2. Nonresidential Treatment Programs Outpatient treatment provides therapeutic activities for offenders while they maintain residence and employment in the community. The focus of the programs is on treatment and the provision of ancillary services. Outpatient services are provided to offenders on a variety of intensity levels statewide (i.e., education classes, outpatient treatment, intensive outpatient treatment, and day or night treatment).

      1. Drug Education Group - Structured education course (i.e., usually weekly group meeting for approximately 12 weeks). This service allows offenders to receive drug education, and also serves as a screening tool to identify offenders who have a substance abuse problem.

      2. Outpatient Treatment - Therapeutic treatment activities for offenders in a nonresidential setting with a minimum of one individual, group or family session every two weeks. The program generally consists of 16 weeks of weekly group sessions. Outpatient services allow offenders to receive drug treatment with minimal disruption to daily life activities.

      3. Intensive outpatient Treatment - A treatment program that includes two or more group, individual or family sessions per week. The program is approximately sixteen weeks in length. This treatment modality provides services at a level that is more intense than outpatient treatment but less restrictive than day or night treatment.

      4. Day/Night Treatment - An intensive nonresidential program offering treatment activities during the day or night, which allows offenders to reside at home, maintain full time employment or attend an educational program. The program provides for consecutive hours of treatment activities at minimum frequency of four days per week, for a period of four weeks. Each offender has a minimum of six hours per week of individual, group or family counseling. The Day/Night treatment program may also include four weeks of reentry treatment where the required treatment activities are gradually decreased. This program is appropriate for those offenders not adapting well in less restrictive treatment and who requires a higher intensity of services.

    3. Residential Treatment Programs Residential treatment involves a structured, live-in, non-hospital environment, focusing upon all aspects of substance abuse rehabilitation including ancillary services such as vocation and education programs.

      1. Detoxification - Provides medical and non-medical, detox treatment services, and or psychosocial treatment procedures in conjunction with counseling, to assist the offender to withdraw from the physiological effects of substance abuse. These services can occur in a residential or nonresidential setting.

      2. Low Intensity - Inpatient therapy for up to 60 days.

      3. Nonsecure Treatment Program - A six month medium intensity residential program, which consists of a two month intensive treatment component followed by a four month employment /reentry component. This treatment modality targets offenders diverted from the state prison system. The program is appropriate for offenders who failed outpatient or day/night treatment, or who were evaluated as needing this level of structured environment.

      4. Long Term (Secure) Treatment Program - A high intensity residential treatment program which limits access of the offender in and out of the facility. This treatment program is nine to eighteen months in length, and it is appropriate for extreme substance abuse cases. Generally, these individuals have had several treatment failures and need long term rehabilitation in a controlled environment.

  2. Psychological Treatment Programs

    1. Intervention and Assessment Programs

      1. Program Screening - The program screens offenders for their appropriateness for the program.

    2. Nonresidential Treatment Programs

      1. Group Counseling - Structured, open ended group counseling programs for various clinical issues, based on the specific needs of the offenders referred for treatment (i.e., living skills, sexual addictions, anger management, parenting, family counseling, etc.). Groups consist of a minimum of five and maximum of ten individuals and each session lasting a minimum of ninety minutes.

      2. Individual Counseling - Individual counseling session may be provided to offenders as needed; at a maximum of one time weekly, one hour per session and a maximum of six sessions per offender. All individual counseling must be approved in advance.

  3. Specialized Treatment Programs

    1. Intervention and Assessment Programs

      1. Mental Health Assessment - A simple mental health screening that consists of an interview and application of basic assessment instruments.

      2. Individual Counseling - A standard depth evaluation consisting of an interview and full battery of assessment tools. The psychological evaluation is reserved for those offenders who are screened and need a complete evaluation.

    2. Nonresidential Treatment Programs

      1. Education and Employment Program - A structured, nonresidential program which may provide: intensive education and vocational testing services, GED or liaison with GED programs, job preparedness, job readiness and employment counseling, job placement services, basic life skills, self-help or self-esteem skill building. The program length is a minimum of eight weeks and maximum of eight weeks and maximum of six months. Toward completion, the program gradually reduces its intensity. The purpose of the program is to provide education and vocational growth and development of offenders, too enhance their adjustment in the work place and respond effectively to supervision.

      2. Youthful Offender Program - A specialized program designed to provide a comprehensive array of services to youthful offenders sentenced in adult felony court. The program is based on the philosophy that in order to achieve and maintain a drug and crime-free lifestyle, youthful offenders need specialized targeted services that provide the skills and resources required to function successfully in society. The program includes an intensive assessment and development of an individualized treatment program that lasts approximately six months. Preferably, offenders should be court ordered into the program.

      3. Female Offender Program - A program providing treatment and ancillary services that are designed to address the specific needs of female offenders in order to reduce the community supervision revocation rate for this group, and divert them from prison. The program provides a comprehensive, community-based, holistic, individualized, continuum of treatment services for female offenders.

      4. Domestic Violence Program - A program which offers a variety and continuum of intervention and treatment services for offenders who have committed domestic violence offenses an are court ordered or volunteer to participate in a domestic violence treatment program. Treatment services that are offered are assessments, low-risk programs, medium and high-risk programs.

      5. Sex Offender Treatment Program - A treatment program structured for sex offenders to provide treatment for their deviant sexual behavior. Sex offender treatment is either court ordered or the releasing authority mandates it. Specially trained professionals provide treatment utilizing universal treatment modalities that have been approved by the department and the court.

    3. Residential Treatment Programs

      1. Probation Restitution Center (PRC) & Diversion Programs - A medium intensity residential program for selected offenders on probation or community control whom requires more supervision. The program length is approximately four months. The PRC offers an alternative to incarceration, providing a highly structured environment, which stresses employment and restitution to the victim, community service work, as well as academic and vocational education, group and individual counseling, and other opportunities for self-improvement. In addition, the PRC has a substance abuse treatment program "overlay" for offenders requiring this service. All offenders in the PRC receive a substance abuse evaluation. If treatment is needed it is provided at the PRC facility.

      2. Jail Incarceration Program - A prison diversion program wherein non-violent offenders serve up to 22 months in the county jail as a condition of supervision in lieu of a state prison sentence. Programs may include work release or other self-improvement programs as directed by the sheriff's whose presumptive prison sentence may have been one year to 22 months in prison. If the above criteria are met the program can also be utilized for failures in the nonsecure or secure drug treatment program, and diversion centers.

    4. Overview of Treatment Programs There were over 45,000 offenders' treatments in FY 98-99. These are treatments that individuals received while sentenced to community sanctions such as probation, administrative probation, drug offender probation, community control, and pretrial intervention. The following pages provide an overview of the treatment programs available in each of the twenty (20) judicial circuits.