Community Corrections is responsible for the supervision of over 144,000 offenders under community supervision on a daily basis. Comprehensive community supervision comprises a multitude of human resources, programs, automation, and communication systems, and specialized supervision approaches. The following is a brief overview of the types of supervision and programs that make up this area of the Florida Department of Corrections.
Probation is a court-ordered term of community supervision under specified conditions for a specific period of time that cannot exceed the maximum sentence for the offense. The probationer is required to abide by all conditions ordered by the court. Violation of these conditions may result in revocation by the court and imposition of any sentence which it might have imposed when originally placing the offender on probation. The probationer is generally required to pay the cost of supervision to the State of Florida, and may have additional conditions requiring payment of restitution, court costs and fines, public service, and various types of treatment. The probationer is usually required to visit his supervising officer in the local office at least once a month, and depending on the probationer’s status, the officer visits the offender at his/her home and/or place of employment.
Administrative Probation is a form of non-contact supervision in which an offender who represents a low risk of harm to the community may, upon satisfactory completion of half the term of regular probation, be transferred to non-reporting status until expiration of the term of supervision. The department is authorized to collect an initial processing fee of up to $50 for the offender reduced to administrative probation. Periodic record checks are completed to ensure the offender has not violated the law.
Drug Offender Probation is an intensive form of supervision, which emphasizes treatment of drug offenders in accordance with individualized treatment plans. The program includes elements of surveillance and random drug testing. Contacts are made by correctional probation senior officers to monitor offenders’ drug use.
Sex Offender Probation is designated for offenders placed on probation whose crimes were committed on or after October 1, 1995, and who are placed under supervision for violation of Chapter 794, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, or s. 847.0145. Per Florida Statute, the court must impose specific special conditions, as set forth in s. 948.30, in addition to all other standard and special conditions imposed. Additional conditions are imposed if the offender committed a crime on or after October 1, 1997, for violation of Chapter 794, s. 800.04, s. 827.071 or s. 847.0145. Sex Offender Probation is designed to enhance the protection of the community and to require treatment/counseling for the offender. The offender is also required to submit two specimens of blood to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement to be registered with the DNA data bank.
Community Control is a form of intensive supervised house arrest in the community, including surveillance on weekends and holidays, administered by officers with limited caseloads. It is an individualized program in which the freedom of the offender is restricted within the community, home or noninstitutional residential placement, and specified sanctions are imposed and enforced. As with probation, violation of any community control condition may result in revocation by the court and imposition of any sentence which it might have imposed before placing the offender on community control supervision. Many of the offenders who are placed on community control are prison diversions.
The use of electronic monitoring is an enhancement to community control. Radio frequency (RF) electronic monitoring is utilized in all 20 judicial circuits. This system electronically tethers offenders to their homes during specified periods of the day or night, with violations noted and investigated. This system, however, is unable to determine offenders’ whereabouts during approved absences from their residences. Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system electronic monitoring, presently in use in all 20 judicial circuits, continuously tracks offender movements at home and in the community with uniquely defined inclusion and exclusion zones for each offender. Violations of this monitoring system are immediately sent to an on-call officer in the circuit for resolution.
|Electronic Monitoring ON June 30, 2005|
|Supervision Type/Device Type||Sex Offenders**||Others||Total|
|Radio Frequency (RF)|
|Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) System*|
Community Control-Sex Offender is designated for offenders placed on Community Control whose crimes were committed on or after October 1, 1995, and who are placed under supervision for violation of Chapter 794 or s. 800.04, s. 827.071, or s. 847.0145. Per Florida Statute, the court must impose specific special conditions, as set forth in s. 948.30(2) in addition to all other standard and special conditions imposed. Community Control-Sex Offender is designed to enhance the protection of the community and to require treatment/counseling for the offender. The offender is also required to submit two specimens of blood to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement to be registered with the DNA data bank.
Any first offender, or any person previously convicted of not more than one nonviolent misdemeanor, who is charged with any misdemeanor or felony of a third degree, is eligible for release to the pretrial intervention program. Approval for eligibility must first be obtained from the administrator of the program, and consent must also be obtained from the victim, the state attorney, and the judge who presided at the initial appearance hearing of the offender. The criminal charges against an offender admitted to the program shall be continued without final disposition for a period of 90 days after the date the offender was released to the program, if the offender’s participation in the program is satisfactory, and for an additional 90 days upon the request of the program administrator and consent of the state attorney, if the offender’s participation in the program is satisfactory. Resumption of pending criminal proceedings shall be undertaken at any time if the program administrator or state attorney finds that the offender is not fulfilling his or her obligations under this plan or if the public interest so requires.
Any person charged with a felony of the second or third degree for purchase or possession of a controlled substance under Chapter 893, prostitution, tampering with evidence, solicitation for purchase of a controlled substance, or obtaining a prescription by fraud, who has not been charged with a crime involving violence, including but not limited to murder, sexual battery, robbery, carjacking, home-invasion robbery, or any other crime involving violence, and who has not previously been convicted of a felony, nor been admitted to a pretrial program, is eligible for admission into a pretrial substance abuse education and treatment intervention program approved by the chief judge of the circuit, for a period of not less than one year. At the end of the pretrial intervention period, the court shall make a decision as to the disposition of the pending charges. The court shall determine, by written finding, whether the defendant has successfully completed the pretrial intervention program. Failure to successfully complete the program shall result in the continued prosecution of the case by the state attorney’s office.
Parole is a post-prison supervision program where eligible inmates have the terms and conditions of parole set by the Florida Parole Commission. The period of parole cannot exceed the balance of the offender’s original sentence. Under parole, the offender is to be supervised in the community under specific conditions. Parole supervision is provided by the Florida Department of Corrections. Although Florida no longer has parole except for those offenders sentenced for offenses committed prior to October 1, 1983, caseloads have increased. These increases are attributed to other state cases, which have transferred supervision to Florida. On June 30, 2005, there were 2,161 parolees in Florida (625 Florida cases and 1,536 other state cases). On June 30, 2005, there were 5,197 inmates in the Department of Corrections’ custody who were parole eligible.
An inmate sentenced to murder/manslaughter, sexual offenses, robbery or other violent personal crimes, and who has a previous commitment to a state or federal institution or has been convicted as a Habitual Offender or Sexual Predator, meets the criteria for conditional release. Upon reaching the release date with accrued gaintime, an inmate is placed on conditional release to serve up to the remainder of the length of sentence. A conditional release eligible inmate often accrues less gaintime than other inmates due to the nature of the offense. Conditional release is not technically an early release mechanism as it merely provides for post-release supervision for those considered serious offenders for up to the amount of gaintime accrued.
Other types of post-prison release supervision include control release, administrative control release, provisional release, supervised community release, conditional release, and addiction recovery supervision.Community Supervision Statistics: