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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Additional Facts

Elderly Inmates

Offender Population Chart

Category Population on June 30, 2010
Elderly Population 16,386 100.0%
Gender
Male 15,476 94.4%
Female 910 5.6%
Race
White 8,901 54.3%
Black 6,955 42.4%
Other 530 3.3%
Current Age
50-55 9,203 57.3%
56-60 3,830 23.4%
61-65 1,890 11.5%
66-70 889 5.4%
71-75 351 2.1%
76+ 223 1.4%
Prior Supervision Commitments
0 7,858 48.0%
1 2,654 16.2%
2 1,767 10.8%
3 1,350 8.2%
4+ 2,757 16.5%


Type of Offense Chart

Type of Offense Number Percent
Murder, Manslaughter 3,387 20.7%
Sexual offenses 3,381 20.6%
Robbery 1,460 8.9%
Violent Personal offenses 1,519 9.3%
Burglary 1,733 10.6%
Theft/Forgery/Fraud 1,190 7.3%
Drug offenses 2,484 15.2%
Weapons 340 2.1%
Other 885 5.4%
Data Unavailable:7

Type of Offense

Type of Offense:  Property - 2,623 or 17.3%; Drug - 2,423 or 15.9%; Violent - 8,875 or 58.4%; Other - 1,275 or 8.4%; Data Unavailable = 5

Background and Statistics - Elderly Offenders

  • Section 944.02, F.S., defines elderly offenders as "prisoners age 50 or older in a state correctional institution or facility operated by the Department of Corrections."
  • The number of elderly offenders in the state correctional system has increased steadily from 9,883 in FY0405 to 16,386 in FY0910, and is expected to continue to increase over the next decade.
  • During FY0910, there were 3,448 elderly inmate admissions. The majority were admitted for drug offenses (28.6%), followed by property crimes (27.4%), and violent offenses (27.1%). The oldest male inmate admitted was 84; the oldest female admitted was 71.

Inmates Age 50 or Older on June 30, 2010 (Percent of Total Population)

The percent of the total population of inmates age 50 or older was 11.6% in June 2005 and rose to 16.0% in June 2010.

Elderly Offenders and Health Care

  • Older inmates generally have poorer health due to lack of health care prior to incarceration and personal habits such as smoking and drug abuse.
  • In FY0910, elderly inmates were more likely to be a medical grade 2 (44.8%) or medical grade 3 (24.8%).
  • In FY0910, 41.8% of the inmates who had multiple admissions to hospitals were elderly.
  • In FY0910, elderly inmates accounted for 40.1% of all episodes of care and 47.9% of all hospital days although they only represented 16.0% of the total prison population.

Specialized Facilities and Services for Elderly Inmates

  • The Department does not house inmates based solely on age, but rather allows them to "age in place" by integrating them into the general prison population.
    • Most of the department's 60+ major institutions house inmates age 50 and older.
    • By policy, all inmates (including those age 50 and older) who have limitations in the performance of Activities of Daily Living are assessed and diagnosed by a physician, provided with a service plan that is designed to meet their medical and mental health needs, and housed consistent with their custody level and medical status.
    • Inmates who are blind, deaf, require a walker or a wheelchair, or who have more specialized housing and/or service needs are assigned only to institutions designated for such custody and care.
  • The following correctional facilities serve relatively large populations of elderly inmates:
    • Reception and Medical Center has a 100-bed licensed hospital on-site in Lake Butler, Florida, and also cares for chronically ill, elderly inmates in different dorms on
      campus.
    • The South Unit of the Central Florida Reception Center is specifically designed for inmate patients who palliative or complex medical care, many of whom are elderly.
    • Zephyrhills CI has two dorms specifically designed for inmate patients who need palliative or complex medical care, many of whom are elderly.
    • Lowell CI has a dorm specifically designated for female inmates with complex medical needs.
    • River Junction Work Camp is a work camp for elderly inmates who are in good health (no major medical issues), able to work, and are at a minimum/medium custody level.