Increase in Number of Inmates Suffering from Mental Disorders
Generally accepted epidemiological studies indicated that between 15% and 20% of the mentally ill in state and federal prisons suffer from serious mental disorders. In Florida, about 18% of the inmates receive ongoing mental health care.
Mental health grades range from S-1 to S-6. S-1 grade (Normal) indicates no significant mental health problems are present. Inmates may need only episodic outpatient care and/or crisis intervention. S-2 grade (Mild) indicates the inmate needs ongoing services of outpatient psychology either intermittent or continuous. S-3 grade (Moderate) indicates inmate needs ongoing services of outpatient psychiatry (case management, group and/or individual counseling, as well as psychiatric or psychiatric Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner (ARNP) care). Clinical management may require periodic administration of psychotropic medication, although the inmate may exercise her/his right to refuse the medication. S-4, S-5 and S-6 grades (Severe) indicate inpatient mental health services in a transitional care unit (TCU), a crisis stabilization unit (CSU), or an assignment to the Corrections Mental Health Institution (CMHI).
Over a five year period, the percent of the prison population without significant impairment in their adaptive functioning due to a mental disorder problem has remained relatively stable: 81.9 % in 2008; 82.2% in 2009; 82.1% in 2010; 82% in 2011, and 82.4% in 2012.
Inmates with Mental Disorders
on June 30 Compared Over Five Years