The Sexual Predator Act became law on October 1st, 1993. This first-in-the-nation registration law was followed by the Public Safety Information Act (PSIA), which became law on October 1, 1997, and broadened public access to the records of sexual predators and sex offenders.
An offender can be designated a sexual predator only by the court system. They are designated as such if the offender commits certain statutorily defined sex crimes that are first degree felonies or greater, or if he or she commits two or more 2nd degree or greater felony sex offenses as provided in section 775.21, Florida Statutes.
An offender is a sex offender if he or she has been convicted of certain sex crimes listed in section 943.0435(1)(a), Florida Statutes and was still serving any part of their sentence on or after October 1st, 1997.
Both sexual predators and sex offenders are subject to registration and community notification, but sexual predators usually have to register more frequently than sex offenders.
It should be noted that some of the sex offenders and predators on supervision previously served state prison time for their offenses.
Sex offenders and sexual predators are supervised by probation officers with specialized training. These offenders must comply with additional conditions of supervision provided in statute and are supervised at a higher level than regular probation offenders. Some examples of sex offender conditions imposed include sex offender treatment, curfew, and certain sex offenders (with minor victims) not being allowed to reside within 1,000 feet of a school, or child care facility.
The table below shows that on June 30, 2014 the population of sexual predators and offenders was overwhelmingly male (98.0%) and distributed fairly evenly across all twenty of Florida's judicial circuits. While the percentages suggest that these offenders are more prevalent in large, urban circuits (Miami, Clearwater, Tampa, and Orlando), the percentage of the circuit's caseload (total number of offenders under community supervision) that is made up of sexual predators and offenders is distributed equally.
|Sex Offenders (PSIA and Sexual Predators)
on Supervision on June 30, 2014
|Circuit Number||Judicial Circuit||Male||Female||Total||Percent|
|15||West Palm Beach||236||4||240||3.1%|