On June 30, 2016, there were 388 inmates (384 males & four females) on Florida's death row.
The state of Florida was given the authority to execute inmates by the 1923 Legislature. Frank Johnson was the first inmate executed in Florida's electric chair on October 7, 1924. In 1929 and from May 1964 to May 1979 there were no executions.
The U.S. Supreme Court declared capital punishment unconstitutional in 1972, in Furman vs. Georgia. In 1976, the Furman decision was overturned, upholding the constitutionality of the death penalty, which was resumed in Florida in 1979, with the execution of John Spenkelink.
Lethal injection became an option for death row inmates in 1999. The first inmate to die by lethal injection was Terry Sims, on February 23, 2000.
There have been two females executed in Florida: Judias Buenoano (March 1998) and Aileen Wuornos (October 2002).
Male inmates under sentence of death are housed at Union Correctional Institution in Raiford, FL or at Florida State Prison in Starke, FL. Female death row inmates are housed at Lowell Annex in Lowell, FL.
Notables of Death Row Inmates:
A Death Row cell is 6 x 9 x 9.5 feet high.
Death Row inmates are served three meals per day prepared by prison staff and transported in insulated carts to the cells. Inmates are given sporks with their meals and they eat from the provided tray.
Death Row inmates may shower every other day.
Death Row inmates are counted at least once an hour. They are escorted in handcuffs and wear them everywhere except in their cells, the exercise yard and the shower. They are in their cells at all times except for medical reasons, exercise, social or legal visits or media interviews. When a death warrant is signed the inmate is put under Death Watch status and is allowed a legal and social phone call.
Death Row Population on June 30 Compared Over Ten Years