There are four primary categories of inmate substance abuse programming:
Intensive Outpatient—A four to six month substance abuse intensive outpatient licensed program provided to inmates at designated institutions throughout the state. Treatment occurs for half a day, at least four days per week, and inmates participate in a minimum of 12 hours of counselor supervised activities. These activities include group and individual counseling. The inmates spend the remainder of their days performing institutional work assignments.
Residential Therapeutic Community—A nine to 12 month Therapeutic Community (TC) program housed within the institution or at a designated community based facility. The program is divided into four phases. Inmates are housed together in the same dormitory, which is segregated from non-program inmates. Services are provided in a positive, supportive environment wherein participants share similar problems of chemical abuse and patterns of criminal thinking. They live and work together to change their lives while residing in the therapeutic community. The TC model emphasizes structure, responsibility, credibility, accountability, discipline, consistency and limit setting with consequences.
Program Centers—The Department of Corrections Substance Abuse Transitional/Re-Entry Programs is a 16–24 month program model designed to assist inmates nearing release in making a successful transition from the correctional institution to the community. They offer a continuum of substance abuse services. Inmates who successfully complete the initial intensive programming component (9–12 months) are eligible to participate in the work release component.
Work Release Centers—Contracted Substance Abuse Counselors operate in nineteen department-operated work release centers to provide outpatient services (four months in length) and aftercare services to inmates based on their identified needs. Inmates work in the community while attending treatment in the evenings or on the days they are not working.
Inmates Participating in Inmate-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Programs FY 2015-16
Intensive Outpatient: 5,763 47%
Residential Therapeutic Community: 3,018 25%
Work Release Centers: 1,804 15%
Program Centers: 1,649 13%
|Total Inmates Participating in Inmate-based
Substance Abuse Treatment Programs—FY 2015–16
Offenders on supervision often participate in substance abuse treatment programs in one of the following forms.
Outpatient—Provides substance abuse treatment for offenders who maintain residence and employment in the community. Services are provided on a variety of intensity levels including individual, group or family sessions along with drug education classes.
Nonsecure—Nonsecure substance abuse treatment is a six-month program consisting of a two-month intensive treatment component followed by a four-month employment/re-entry component.
Secure—This long-term treatment program involves a structured, live-in, non-hospital environment focusing upon all aspects of substance abuse rehabilitation including job training and educational programs. This therapeutic community consists of up to 12 months of intensive treatment and up to six months of an employment and re-entry component.
Offenders Participating in Community-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Programs FY 2015-16
Outpatient: 32,604 89%
Nonsecure: 3,355 9%
Secure: 847 2%
|Total Offenders Participating in Community-Based
Substance Abuse Programs in FY 2015–16
TOTAL - 36,806
* The pie chart above shows that the majority (89.0%) of those on community supervision who are participating in community-based substance abuse treatment programs do so on an outpatient basis. The other types of programs available to these offenders include secure (long-term) and nonsecure (short-term) residential substance abuse treatment programs.
|Released Inmates Participating in Substance Abuse
Transitional Housing Programs in FY 2015–16
|1. Post Prison, No Supervision to Follow:||424|
|2. Post Prison, Released to Supervision:||141|