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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Education and Job Training

Substance Abuse Treatment

(904) 488-9169
SUNCOM 278-9169

Substance Abuse Treatment is responsible for identifying inmates with substance abuse problems and coordinating their treatment based on the severity of their abuse problem. The office provides a mechanism for inmates to be screened, assessed and properly diagnosed for placement in a treatment program. The majority of programs are provided through local community providers of substance abuse treatment. This Bureau ensures the integrity of the program through continuous monitoring and evaluation of program implementation and outcomes.

Accomplishments in 1995-96:

  • Developed a comprehensive monitoring system to ensure program integrity and compliance with program standards and department policies. The implementation included developing criteria, methodology and strategies at the central office and regional levels to assure on-site monitoring of all substance abuse programming.
  • Transferred the administration and management of contracts to each superintendent.
  • Finalized the Substance Abuse Data Management System, which provides quarterly, annual and custom reports; enhances the department's capability to predict those more likely to complete substance abuse programs; and provides crucial indicators for determination of those inmates to be recommended for treatment.

Information on Substance Abuse Treatment for Incarcerated Offenders

An Overview

Comprehensive Substance Abuse Treatment Programs are being provided at 46 major institutions, 31 community correctional centers, and 7 community facilities. These programs annually serve up to 18,000 inmates with substance involvement, abuse, or related problems. The program's main objectives are to identify substance abusers, assess the severity of their drug problems, measure their readiness for treatment, and then place them in the most appropriate treatment program. These objectives are accomplished through inmate testing and interviewing at the time they enter reception centers for classification. Offenders assessed as being in need of services are either sent directly to appropriate programming or placed on a waiting list pending availability of such programming.

Tier I

Tier I is a 40hour psycho-educational program specifically designed to break through the individual offender's denial that they have a serious problem and need to make the choice of entering a treatment program while incarcerated.

Tier II

This program provides a structured schedule of treatment services (after the inmate's work assignment is completed) that includes a minimum of 20 hours of activities per week, six of which occur in individual, group or family therapeutic sessions. Tier II serves approximately 40 inmates every six months. The Tier II program is located at 28 sites.

Tier III

The entire Tier III facility revolves around providing drug treatment services. Inmates are involved in the therapeutic community process 24 hours a day, seven days a week for four months.

Tier IV

Tier IV is a full service residential Therapeutic Community (TC) program. This treatment component is twelve months long and is currently provided in male and female institutions, as well as male youthful offender institutions. Tier IV is located at 12 institutional and seven community bed sites.

Tier V

Tier V is designed specifically to provide counseling services to inmates assigned to Community Correctional (Work Release) Centers. This outpatient/aftercare treatment strategy focuses on relapse prevention and supportive therapy.

 

Substance Abuse Programs: Openings Available by Facility

Institutions # of Slots in Facility Treatment Programs
Tier I Tier II Tier III Tier IV Tier V
Instit. Comm.
46 Institutions 2,592 585 1,020   987    
31 Community Correctional Centers 901           901
1 Work/Forestry Camps/Vocational Centers 20   20        
3 Institutional Drug Treatment Centers 772     772      
7 Community Drug Treatment Centers 143         143  
Grand Totals 4,428 585 1,040 772 987 143 901
Institutions Total Tier I Tier II Tier III Tier IV-Instit. Tier IV-Comm. Tier IV
Apalachee CI—East Unit 40   40        
Apalachee CI—West Unit 40   40        
Avon Park CI 117 45     72    
Baker CI 45 45          
Brevard CI 207 45     162    
Broward CI 40 40        
Calhoun CI 45 45          
Century CI 75       75    
Charlotte CI 40   40        
Columbia CI 40   40        
Cross City CI 75       75    
Dade CI 95 45     50    
Desoto CI 40 40      
Florida CI 115 45     70    
Florida State Prison Work Camp 45 45          
Glades CI 40   40        
Gulf CI 40   40        
Hamilton CI 40   40        
Hardee CI 40   40        
Hendry CI 40   40        
Hillsborough CI 109 45     64    
Holmes CI 40 40        
Indian River CI 85 45 40        
Jackson CI 40   40        
Jefferson CI 72       72    
Lake CI 90 45     45    
Lancaster CI 95 45     50    
Lawtey CI 40   40        
Liberty CI 40   40        
Madison CI 40   40        
Marion CI 190     190    
Mayo CI 40   40        
New River CI—East Unit 20   20        
New River CI—West Unit 20   20        
Okaloosa CI 45 45        
Polk CI 40   40        
Putnam CI 40   40        
Quincy CI 20   20        
River Junction CI 45 45          
Sumter CI 40   40        
Tomoka CI 62     62    
Union CI 40   40        
Walton CI 40   40        
Zephyrhills CI 40   40        
Totals 2,592 585 1,020 0 987 0 0

Drug Testing

I.Random Drug Testing

In 1993, the Drug Free Corrections Act, under Florida Statute 944.473, mandated that the department establish procedures to randomly select and test inmates for substance abuse. In January 1994, the random selection and testing of inmates started. The plan developed by the task force called for random selection and testing 10% of the Florida prison population every month. The following table presents the results of the random drug testing for the last two fiscal years, as well as the period January to June 1994 when the program was first implemented. The results indicate that the percentage of positive tests has declined every year, to 3.3% in FY 1995-96. The most common drug detected is cannabis (88% of all positive results in FY 1995-96).

II.Substance Abuse Treatment Program Drug Testing

As part of its evaluation process, the substance abuse treatment programs also conduct drug tests. Inmates in the Tier programs are continually monitored for drug use as an integral part of their treatment.

III.Testing Due to Reasonable Suspicion

The department also tests inmates based on reasonable suspicion that they have ingested drugs. Any inmate who is suspected to be using drugs is subject to a drug test.

 

Random Drug Test Results Through 1995-96

  Valid Tests Negative Tests Positive Tests Positive Rate Positive Test Results
Alcohol Cannabis Cocaine Opiates Other Total*
FY 1993-94** 11,069 10,417 652 5.89% 17 620 34 - - 671
FY 1994-95 49,505 47,484 2,021 4.08% 103 1,894 122 - - 2,119
FY 1995-96 61,531 59,503 2,028 3.30% 69 1,875 130 45 5 2,119
Total 122,105 117,404 4,701 3.85% 189 4,389 286 45 5 4,909