Education and Job Training
Substance Abuse Treatment is responsible for identifying inmates with substance abuse problems and coordinating their treatment based on the severity of their abuse problem. The office provides a mechanism for inmates to be screened, assessed and properly diagnosed for placement in a treatment program. The majority of programs are provided through local community providers of substance abuse treatment. This Bureau ensures the integrity of the program through continuous monitoring and evaluation of program implementation and outcomes.
Accomplishments in 1995-96:
Information on Substance Abuse Treatment for Incarcerated Offenders
Comprehensive Substance Abuse Treatment Programs are being provided at 46 major institutions, 31 community correctional centers, and 7 community facilities. These programs annually serve up to 18,000 inmates with substance involvement, abuse, or related problems. The program's main objectives are to identify substance abusers, assess the severity of their drug problems, measure their readiness for treatment, and then place them in the most appropriate treatment program. These objectives are accomplished through inmate testing and interviewing at the time they enter reception centers for classification. Offenders assessed as being in need of services are either sent directly to appropriate programming or placed on a waiting list pending availability of such programming.
Tier I is a 40hour psycho-educational program specifically designed to break through the individual offender's denial that they have a serious problem and need to make the choice of entering a treatment program while incarcerated.
This program provides a structured schedule of treatment services (after the inmate's work assignment is completed) that includes a minimum of 20 hours of activities per week, six of which occur in individual, group or family therapeutic sessions. Tier II serves approximately 40 inmates every six months. The Tier II program is located at 28 sites.
The entire Tier III facility revolves around providing drug treatment services. Inmates are involved in the therapeutic community process 24 hours a day, seven days a week for four months.
Tier IV is a full service residential Therapeutic Community (TC) program. This treatment component is twelve months long and is currently provided in male and female institutions, as well as male youthful offender institutions. Tier IV is located at 12 institutional and seven community bed sites.
Tier V is designed specifically to provide counseling services to inmates assigned to Community Correctional (Work Release) Centers. This outpatient/aftercare treatment strategy focuses on relapse prevention and supportive therapy.
Substance Abuse Programs: Openings Available by Facility
|Institutions||# of Slots in Facility||Treatment Programs|
|Tier I||Tier II||Tier III||Tier IV||Tier V|
|31 Community Correctional Centers||901||901|
|1 Work/Forestry Camps/Vocational Centers||20||20|
|3 Institutional Drug Treatment Centers||772||772|
|7 Community Drug Treatment Centers||143||143|
|Institutions||Total||Tier I||Tier II||Tier III||Tier IV-Instit.||Tier IV-Comm.||Tier IV|
|Apalachee CIEast Unit||40||40|
|Apalachee CIWest Unit||40||40|
|Avon Park CI||117||45||72|
|Cross City CI||75||75|
|Florida State Prison Work Camp||45||45|
|Indian River CI||85||45||40|
|New River CIEast Unit||20||20|
|New River CIWest Unit||20||20|
|River Junction CI||45||45|
I.Random Drug Testing
In 1993, the Drug Free Corrections Act, under Florida Statute 944.473, mandated that the department establish procedures to randomly select and test inmates for substance abuse. In January 1994, the random selection and testing of inmates started. The plan developed by the task force called for random selection and testing 10% of the Florida prison population every month. The following table presents the results of the random drug testing for the last two fiscal years, as well as the period January to June 1994 when the program was first implemented. The results indicate that the percentage of positive tests has declined every year, to 3.3% in FY 1995-96. The most common drug detected is cannabis (88% of all positive results in FY 1995-96).
II.Substance Abuse Treatment Program Drug Testing
As part of its evaluation process, the substance abuse treatment programs also conduct drug tests. Inmates in the Tier programs are continually monitored for drug use as an integral part of their treatment.
III.Testing Due to Reasonable Suspicion
The department also tests inmates based on reasonable suspicion that they have ingested drugs. Any inmate who is suspected to be using drugs is subject to a drug test.
Random Drug Test Results Through 1995-96
|Valid Tests||Negative Tests||Positive Tests||Positive Rate||Positive Test Results|