|Goal 1-1: To properly assess, classify and place inmates and offenders according to their risk and needs.|
(Baselines indicated in parentheses)
Classification systems are the methods by which decisions as to the amount and nature of custody and/or supervision, and the placement of inmates or supervised offenders in programs are made. Inmate classification and community supervision classification have different, specific challenges, yet each are charged with ensuring public safety. Both do so by developing and improving their objective classification systems. As the expectations and requirements of the public increase, the need for a sophisticated and cross functional classification system incorporating both inmate classification and community supervision classification becomes apparent.
Each inmate placed under the Department's custody and supervision is assessed to determine the appropriate level of security and the programs and services needed during incarceration. The magnitude of the classification process is evidenced by the fact that there are thousands of case management decisions made statewide on a daily basis.
| Trends in Inmate Custody
Grades over the Last 5 years
|Chart 1-4. Click for larger view.|
| Inmate Status Population:
June 30, 1990 to June 30, 1997
|Chart 1-5. Click for larger view.|
By December 31, 1998, at least 97% of the offenders sentenced to prison will be accurately placed in correctional institutions where security and supervision are commensurate with their assessed risk, as determined by annual escape rates, rates of assault on staff and disciplinary report rates.
FY 98 - 97%
Community Supervision Classification:
Increased mitigation of sentences and plea bargaining by the courts has resulted in the increased diversion of convicted felons to community control rather than incarceration. Correspondingly, more violent offenders are placed on community supervision who require an intense level of supervision. Additional resources are necessary to provide this intense supervision, reducing risk to the community and department staff.
The department's mission of supervising offenders at a level of security commensurate with the danger they represent was reflected in the development of the Risk Classification Pilot Project in conjunction with the National Institute of Justice. This risk classification model predicts the likelihood that offenders will reoffend, technically revoke, or abscond during their term of supervision, based upon information stored in the department's management information system. The model is designed around characteristics of the offenders. The probabilities of failure such as new arrest, technical revocation, or absconding, produced by the model are utilized to determine the appropriate level of supervision for each offender. The system is implemented electronically at intake and automatically reclassifies an offender's risk level as information is added or changed in the management information database. Offenders are classified into four different risk categories based on the individual factors found to be statistically associated with supervision failure.
Statewide implementation of the Risk Classification Pilot Project ensures offenders are supervised according to their risk classification and the contact standards set for their risk level. The department's limited resources are maximized when the correctional probation officer's time is concentrated on offenders who need more supervision and direction to succeed on probation. Conducting a higher level of supervision for offenders presenting greater risk improves the protection of the community, as well as increasing cost of supervision and restitution monetary collections. The department is also afforded a method for administrators to fairly distribute the workload between probation officers and demonstrate to the Legislature the need for additional resources to properly supervise offenders commensurate with their risk level.
By December, 1998,100% of offenders placed on probation or other community-supervision programs will undergo a formal risk assessment resulting in an improved case management system, as compared to the baseline rate of 14% on January 31, 1997.
|Sep. - 1998: 77%||Dec. 1998: 100%|
Client Management Classification for Community Control and Probation Restitution Center Offenders
The Client Management Classification System (CMC) separates offenders into five types or categories based on patterns of behavior and attitude. Trained officers conduct in-depth one on one interviews with offenders with results automatically calculated and scored via the department's offender data base. This assessment process predicts both positive and negative behavior for each supervision type. For correctional purposes, this provides a guideline from which strategies for successful supervision are developed. These strategies are implemented through a comprehensive supervision plan, offender behavior improves and successful outcomes increase.
Client Management Classification has been utilized statewide for all community controlees since 1994. Results were encouraging enough to warrant the use of the assessment on all Probation and Restitution residents since 1995, both community control and probationers. Future plans include an expansion of the program to all participants in community corrections contracted nonsecure drug treatment facilities.
By July, 2003, 100% of inmates and supervised offenders will be monitored and supervised under an integrated automated management system, as compared to 0% on June 30, 1997.