|Goal 1-3: Operate safe and secure institutions and minimize disruptions in correctional facilities.|
(Baselines indicated in parentheses)
Control of Disruptive Inmates and Protection of Staff
Due to the changes in sentencing policies and the increasing use of diversionary programs for nonviolent offenders the inmate profile will continue to reflect a growing ratio of violent and disruptive inmates.
Disruptive inmates create disharmony among the total inmate population, and disturb prison life.8 An indication of the more violent prison environment is the increase in assault rates. Assault figures show higher rates, as well as an inexorable trend toward higher numbers due to the increased inmate population.
The incidence of assaults and felony crimes committed by offenders while incarcerated must be controlled. The Office of the Inspector General investigates all incidents involving inmate on inmate and inmate on staff assaults. The department will monitor the rate of such assaults based on the average inmate population (the beginning year population plus end year population divided by two equals the average inmate population).
To make the prison environment safer for inmates and staff and more conducive to work, job training and treatment, violent and disruptive inmates must be placed in prisons having higher levels of security and control of inmate movement and behavior. An integral part of prison management is the capacity for using single cell housing for violent and disruptive inmates. To accurately determine the extent of such housing, the department must establish and maintain an effective ratio of single cell to dormitory housing. Proper housing of the prison population should produce a positive impact on the effectiveness of work, job training, and treatment programs, while at the same time limiting aggressive behavior among violent and disruptive inmates.
By July 1, 1999 and annually thereafter, the per capita rate of inmate on inmate assaults will be maintained at or below the baseline rate of 29.2 per 1,000 inmates established for FY 1994-95.
By July 1, 1999, the per capita rate of inmate on staff assaults will be reduced to 15.0 per 1,000 inmates from the baseline rate of 18.7 per 1,000 inmates established for FY 1994-95.
|Dec. 98: 17.5/1000||Jul. 99: 15/1000|
Improved Institutional Security:
| Total Inmate Escapes from DC
Custody Over 10 Fiscal Years
|Chart 1-6. Click for larger view.|
| Growth in Close Management and
Management Populations, 1993-1996
|Chart 1-7. Click for larger view.|
| Growth of Total Confinement Population
and Open Population Inmates
Similar to Those in Close Management
in Florida's Prisons, June 1993 to April 1996
|Chart 1-8. Click for larger view.|
The security capability at all major institutions was enhanced during 1996-97. Presently, efforts to upgrade facilities continue with emphasis on adding razor wire, replacement of locks, perimeter security systems, communications and lighting. Additionally, some of the older institutions are being improved by replacing old housing units with more secure, single cell housing units. The new prototype designs have significantly increased safety and improved the overall physical security.
A standardized staffing formula based on the mission of the institution or facility and established national standards is essential for adequate security. Community residential facilities currently, have a relief staffing factor (staff required for 24 hours, 7 days per week operation) of .573 as compared with the department's institutions, which are staffed at a .660 relief factor. Efforts to bring community correctional facility staffing to a parity with institutional staffing are underway. If the mission of an institution or facility changes, a standardized staffing package must be factored into the cost estimates to meet the new mission requirements.
Problems in security coverage are aggravated by requirements to transport inmates between the department's facilities, to outside work squads, for medical treatment, or to court. A count conducted in June 30, 1995 showed that a total of 118,813 in-mates transferred into DC facilities during the year. The number of transfers continues to increase and the possibility of an incident or security problem is heightened by the large numbers to be moved and the increased number of violent inmates. A data base is being developed to determine trends in inmate transfer activity.
The system wide problem of increasing populations without commensurate staff increases is amplified as the number of locations designed as higher security areas increases.
By July 1, 1999, the annual fiscal year escape rate from major institutions will be reduced from the FY 1993-94 rate of 1.3 per 1,000 to zero.
|FY 97/98: 0|
Management of Security Threat Groups (STG)
The level of violence associated with gang crimes is increasing in our communities. Many experts note that membership in these groups appears to prolong the extent and seriousness of an individual's criminal career. In August 1995, an assessment of gang activity in Florida was conducted by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, resulting in 304 gangs with 10,136 members and associates being reported. As a result of increased attention by law enforcement to the "gang element" of crime, many of the leaders and members of these groups are entering the prison and community supervision populations.
| Percent of Population with
One or More DRs
in the Past 24 Months
|Chart 1-9. Click for larger view.|
By June 30, 2003, reduce the number of incidents of disruption created by STG/gang members in prison. (The baseline will be established with 1997-98 data.)
|Pending baseline establishment.|