|Goal 2-3: To contribute to recidivism reduction by providing institutional and community based drug treatment programs and other services that aid offenders in the avoidance of substance abuse and their successful reintegration into the community.|
(Baselines indicated in parentheses)
Correctional Drug Treatment Programs
Several studies indicate positive outcomes for inmates who participate in Substance Abuse Treatment and Education Programs during their incarceration. Positive outcomes may include improved inmate adjustment during incarceration, often resulting in fewer rule infractions by participants which, in turn, provides a cost savings to the department. Upon release, offenders who have successfully participated in treatment programs show measurable decreases in recommitment, and increases in employment.9 This same research further indicates a direct relationship between positive (release) outcomes and the amount of time the offender has devoted to treatment programming; specifically demonstrating tendencies toward post-release success for offenders who have a longer continuum of treatment exposure.10
The department is mandated to assess and place inmates in substance abuse programs. Program participation is fully voluntary, however department operating policies encourage full program enrollment. This is accomplished in part by policies which can limit the earning of Gain Time and access to Work Release for inmates who refuse treatment participation after an appropriate needs assessment has been completed.
The department reports to the public on outcome measures applicable to drug treatment programs. Hopefully, informing the public will lead to awareness, understanding, and support for quality programs which employ effective methods of treatment. This, in turn, may lead to the development of current and future public policy that will allocate adequate resources necessary to reduce drug related crime. Society will benefit from receiving a released inmate back into the community who is more mature and able to be self-sufficient.
By 2003, the rate of released inmates who successfully completed an institutional drug treatment program who are not committed to prison or community supervision within 24 months will increase to 90% from the baseline rate of 84.5% in FY 96-97.
Provide substance abuse education and treatment for inmates who have misused drugs or alcohol. Lead Org. Unit: Education and Job Training.
Intermediate Sanctions, Services, Intervention and Treatment Programs
| Total Number of Offenders
Treatment All Modalities
|Chart 2-4. Click for larger view.|
In addition to substance abuse programs, Community Corrections offers a myriad of community-based programming, designed to reduce recidivism and technical violations, that reaches out to the varied needs of the supervised population. (Technical violations of community supervision are those violations not involving an arrest on new charges and often this type of violation is tied to poor life management skills, including lack of education, and employment skills.)
| Overall Recommitment Rate for
Sept. 91 - June 97
|Chart 2-5. Click for larger view.|
By June 30, 1999, the rate of offenders successfully completing community substance abuse programs who are not committed to prison or recommitted to supervision for drug offenses within 24 months will increase to 88% from the 12/31/96 baseline rate of 84%.
|Dec. 1998: 86%||June 1999: 88%|