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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Julie L. Jones

Florida Department of Corrections
Julie L. Jones, Secretary

Substance Abuse Programs

The Florida Department of Corrections has comprehensive substance abuse services at major institutions, community correctional centers, work camps, and community facilities. The Bureau of Substance Abuse, Office of Program, Transition, and Post-release Services is responsible for the coordination and delivery of substance abuse program services to the offenders. Of the 71,000 inmates in the general prison population, an estimated 63% need substance abuse services. All incoming offenders are screened during the Reception and Classification process with regard to their needs, if any, for substance abuse services. Offenders assessed as being in need of services are either sent directly to the appropriate program or placed on a waiting list, pending availability of such programming. All of the programs are delivered through contractual agreement with private providers throughout the state. All programs are licensed by the Department of Children and Family Services, in accordance with Chapter 65D-30 FAC.


Institutional substance abuse programs are provided to the inmate population at approximately 45 major institutions, 8 work camps and 28 work release centers.

On July 1, 2000, the Department implemented mandatory substance abuse program participation for inmates meeting select criteria. At the same time, an automated screening and priority placement system was implemented to identify inmates meeting the criteria for mandated programming and to prioritize them based on risk to public safety and severity of addiction.

In addition to the programs listed below, the Department offers programs that are modified to meet the needs of specialized populations such as youthful offenders, female offenders, and offenders with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders.

The following substance abuse programs are offered in prison:

  • Readiness Program: an ongoing motivational readiness program that prepares offenders for entry into substance abuse programs.
  • Modality 1 (formerly TIER II): a 4-6 month intensive outpatient program designed to deliver services to inmates while still allowing participants to live and work with general population inmates.
  • Modality 2 (formerly TIER III & IV): a 9-12 month intensive residential therapeutic community program.
  • Modality 3 (formerly TIER V): a re-entry outpatient program that offers various phases of services. The primary focus is relapse prevention and community re-entry.
  • Co-occurring Disorders: an 8-12 month comprehensive residential therapeutic community program for inmates with identified co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders.
  • Alternative Programs: non-deity based substance abuse programs for inmates who object to traditional programming which may contain religious content.
  • Alumni Groups: support groups for offenders who have completed an intensive outpatient or residential therapeutic community program.


The Department provides the following substance abuse programs for offenders on community supervision:

  • Long-Term (Secure) Residential Treatment: a 9-18 month residential treatment program providing a therapeutic community setting consisting of up to 12 months of intensive treatment followed by up to 6 months of an employment and re-entry component.
  • Nonsecure Residential Treatment: a 6 month medium intensity residential program consisting of a two month intensive treatment component followed by a four month employment/re-entry component.
  • Day/Night Treatment: an intensive outpatient program designed to allow the offender to maintain residence and employment in the community while participating in treatment.
  • Outpatient Treatment: Provides treatment for offenders while they maintain employment and residence in their community.
  • Post-Release Transitional Housing: offers offenders transitional housing and other support services in a structured environment to promote self-sufficiency, personal recovery from substance abuse and successful reintegration into society.
  • Drug Court Expansion: the Department supports Drug Courts across the state (pre-conviction, post-conviction, and re-entry drug courts) and partners with them to provide coordinated services to drug involved offenders.

Regular urinalysis testing is an essential component of all substance abuse programs provided.

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