The Bureau of State Investigations is responsible for conducting criminal, administrative and internal affairs investigations, and serves as the final reviewing authority for all useof- force incidents.
When completed, criminal investigations are referred to the appropriate State Attorney's Office for prosecution. Administrative and internal affairs investigations are referred to management for appropriate follow-up action.
More than 38,000 incidents were reported to the Inspector General's Office during Fiscal Year 2010-11.
As illustrated by the "Classification of Incidents" chart above, the majority of reported incidents involved:
|Classification of Incident||Number|
|Other (Including Tax Fraud, Discrimination)||7,961|
|Crimes vs. Persons (Violent)||6,238|
|Recovery/Possession of Contraband||5,928|
|Inmate Injuries or Death||3,338|
|Crimes vs. Persons -Property (Non-Violent)||3,027|
|Escape / Attempted Escape||260|
Of the above reported incidents, 5,196 were assigned to inspectors for official investigation as indicated in the chart below. One of every six cases assigned – approximately 863 – was classified as criminal. The remaining cases were assigned for administrative investigation.
|Field Office||Senior Inspectors||Institutional Inspectors||Total|
Established in 1999, the Use-of-Force Unit is charged with reviewing all incidents of physical force at state correctional facilities, along with those involving probation and parole officers, to ensure compliance with established rules, procedures and statutes.
To accomplish this mission, the unit independently reviews and evaluates all force incident reports, associated documents and videotapes as required from each correctional facility or office. Evidence indicating possible procedural violations, inmate abuse, excessive/ improper/ unauthorized force, or battery by staff is referred to the Bureau of State Investigations and an internal investigation is conducted.
The use-of-force database was enhanced to notify management of employee involvement in multiple use-of-force incidents. Uses of force are classified as major incidents whenever weapons, the chemical agent "CS", or Electronic Restraint Devices are used; when force is used in a cell extraction; or when outside medical treatment is required for employees or inmates as a result of use of force. Other physical contact with inmates, including use of the chemical agent "OC", is classified as minor. The following chart reflects force incidents reported to the Unit in FY 2010-11.
|Classification||Reason Force Was Used||Number|
|27C||Prevent Escape During Transport||2|
|27D||Prevent Property Damage||32|
|27E||Quell a Disturbance||1,959|
|27F||Physical Resistance to a Lawful Command||2,163|
|27H||Restrain Inmate for Medical Treatment||46|
|27J||Mental Health Restraint||370|
|27K||Probation & Parole Handcuffing||1|
The number of force incidents reported by the Department's correctional staff has increased significantly since 2006, rising more than 80 percent in five years.
As illustrated by the charts on this page, force incidents rose more rapidly than the inmate population, which was up approximately 13 percent in the same period.
The Special Operations Section coordinates the agency's inmate drug testing program, Contraband Interdiction/Narcotic Canine Unit, Corrections Intelligence Unit, "Prison Tips" hotline, Fugitive Unit, and Security Threat Group (gang) Unit.
The Corrections Intelligence Unit collects, analyzes, and disseminates data and investigative information in support of the Bureau of State Investigations and institutional security staff. It also researches data related to Homeland Security issues and works closely with other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. It has generated multiple intelligence reports that were shared at the national level, including "Classified" level reporting. Two Unit members are FDLE-certified crime analysts.
The Unit represents the Department of Corrections at the Florida Fusion Center, a statewide collaborative intelligence project focused on timely development and sharing of information. It also serves as primary point of contact for the Corrections Intelligence Initiative, a joint FBI project designed to deter radicalization of prison inmates and to detect domestic security threats among the prison population.
Established in 2007, the Fugitive Unit helps protect citizens by locating and coordinating the arrest of fugitives from the Department of Corrections. The Unit:
The Fugitive Unit locates fugitives from justice by using multiple sources and methods to develop a link to the individual being sought. The Unit then works with law enforcement agencies in the targeted area to capture the fugitive in the safest possible manner. During FY 2010-11, the Unit assisted in the return of 173 fugitives to the custody of the State of Florida. Since 2007, the Unit has facilitated 767 recaptures.
Contraband Interdiction provides a safer environment for employees, inmates and visitors at state correctional facilities by detecting and discouraging the introduction of contraband such as weapons, cell phones and narcotics. Interdiction staff conducts unannounced contraband searches with assistance from certified Narcotic Canine Teams. During the interdictions, employees, visitors, volunteers, inmates, vehicles and facility grounds are searched for contraband. Individuals also are subject to inspection using a chemical detection device which employs advanced "Ion Mobility Spectrometry" technology to detect traces of illegal drugs. Random interdiction operations and canine sweeps are conducted at all Department facilities.
The Inspector General's office operates 20 full-time canine teams located strategically around the state. The teams participate in interdiction and search operations at prisons and other facilities statewide. The canine teams also work closely with institutional inspectors and provide investigative support.
The following chart summarizes arrests and seizures generated by the Inspector General's canine teams and interdiction operations during Fiscal Year 2010-11.
|Interdiction/Canine Arrests/Seizures||FY 10-11|
firearms (in vehicles on state property)
ammunition (rounds, in vehicles)
knives/sharps (entering or inside institution)
cell phones (entering or inside institution)
cash (excessive or contraband)
Special Operations staff manages selection, testing procedures and results analysis for inmate drug testing statewide. This responsibility also encompasses projecting and ordering testing supplies, certifying staff to perform the tests, contract monitoring and ensuring program compliance.
The chart below summarizes drug test results for Fiscal Year 2010-11.
|Inmate Drug Test Conducted during FY 2010-11|
|Reason for Test||Total Selected||Not Tested||Valid Tests||Negative Tests||Positive Tests||Percent Positive|
In Drug Treatment
Special Operations staff oversees the prison "TIPS" line, which received more than 5,800 calls during FY 2010-11. Phone calls made to the "TIPS" line are reviewed daily and the information provided is used to collect criminal intelligence on unsolved or ongoing criminal activity, both inside and outside the Department. Inmates, probationers or any other callers that may have knowledge of this type of activity can use "TIPS" as an anonymous method to provide this information.
The "TIPS" line can be accessed from inmate phones within all Department facilities or by a toll-free number
(1-866-246-4412) from phones outside the facilities. Information provided by callers is reviewed and forwarded to the appropriate Department staff or to the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the reported activity.
Each caller has the option of establishing a voice mailbox, accessed by a unique pass code, which is provided upon the caller's request. This provides a mechanism to exchange messages and information between the caller and the Inspector General's Office on the status of the information provided and related actions.
The Inspector General's Security Threat Group (STG) Unit collects, analyzes and distributes intelligence related to criminal gang activity both within and outside the state correctional system. The STG Unit assists institutional staff by reviewing gang-related incidents as they occur in prison settings, and making recommendations for relocating or restricting inmates based on their role in the incident.
As of June 30, 2011, 8,061 of the Department's 102,319 inmates (8 percent) were confirmed gang members. This represents an increase of 0.67% from June 30, 2010. Another 1,899 of the Department's probationers have been identified as gang members. One or more gang members are sentenced to DC custody from each of Florida's 67 counties. As shown in the chart below, the most prevalent gang in Department custody is the Latin Kings, followed by Gangster Disciples.
Gang Members in DC Custody
During the last fiscal year, the STG unit sent out more than 3,000 notices to Florida law enforcement agencies, informing them of pending releases of gang members from Department custody back into their communities.
The Unit notifies other law enforcement agencies monthly of gang members who are serving terms of probation in their jurisdictions.
During the past year, the STG unit presented information on Florida gang activity to the Florida Gang Investigators Association Conference, Florida A&M University, U.S. Attorney's "New Faces of Gangs" Workshop and at training workshops for DC staff.
The Unit also developed a re-entry program to assist gang members with their reintegration into society, and transition to non-gang support groups.