Listed below are the factors in order of importance followed by an ‘H’ if the factor is associated with a higher likelihood of recidivism and an ‘L’ for a lower likelihood of recidivism.
The factors that affect male recidivism, but not females are:
The factors that affect female recidivism rates, but not male rates are:
The factors that affect both male recidivism and female recidivism in the same direction are (not in order of importance):
The factor Diagnosed with a Mental Illness is associated with a higher likelihood of recidivism rate for females and a lower likelihood of recidivism rate for males. Not considering the other factors, the male inmates diagnosed with a mental illness have a higher recidivism rate than those with no mental illness (Table 1: 35% versus 30%). But after stepwise selection (with all other factors held constant), the hazard ratio of male inmates diagnosed with a mental illness becomes 0.964 (Table 1).
|Factors||Values||Overall Releases 2005-2012||Percent of Release Cohort||Recidivism
|Release Type||Expiration of Sentence
(No Supervision to Follow)
(mandatory supervision for serious
offenders as specified in F.S. 947.1405)
|Expiration of Sentence to
Probation or Community Control
|Release Facility||Major Correctional Institution||199,311||78%||30%|
|Work Release Center/Transition Center||29,000||11%||18%|
Note that the results presented in Table 5 do not constitute a rigorous evaluation of any factor. For example, it is not valid to claim that if all inmates went to Work Release Centers, one would realize a lower overall recidivism rate. Inmates who succeed at work release do not have the same characteristics as many other inmates, so the work release impact would likely be different if expanded to include a broader group of inmates.