Skip navigation.
Home | About Us | Contact Us
Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Julie L. Jones

Florida Department of Corrections
Julie L. Jones, Secretary

Florida Department of Corrections Recidivism Report:

Florida Prison Recidivism Study
Releases From 2008 to 2014

December 2016

Florida Department of Corrections
Julie L. Jones, Secretary
Bureau of Research and Data Analysis
co.dcresearch@fdc.myflorida.com

Recidivism Logo - DC Seal with Circular Arrows

Executive Summary

Defining Recidivism

Recidivism is defined as a return to prison. The return to prison may be a result of a new conviction or a violation of post-prison supervision. The follow-up periods (typically reported as three years) are calculated from prison release date to the date of readmission to prison.

Recidivism Rates Over Time

This graph shows recidivism rates over time. 2008 - 27.6%; 2009 - 26.3%; 2010 - 25.7%; 2011 - 26.2%; 2012 - 25.2%;

Changing Recidivism Rates

The last three-year release cohorts have shown slight decreases in three-year recidivism rates. These decreases are shown below:

  • Inmates released in 2010 who returned to prison within three years → 25.7% recidivism rate
  • Inmates released in 2011 who returned to prison within three years → 26.2% recidivism rate
  • Inmates released in 2012 who returned to prison within three years → 25.2% recidivism rate

Factors

For 2012 releases, some factors that influence an inmate's likelihood of recidivism include:

  • Number of prior prison commitments
    • More Priors → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • Whether the inmate has a supervision term after release
    • Supervised → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s tested education level
    • Higher Grade Level → Lower Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s behavior while in prison
    • More Disciplinary Reports → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s age at first offense
    • Younger → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate-reported drug screening score
    • Higher scores → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s ethnicity
    • Hispanic → Lower Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s custody level upon release
    • Low → Lower Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s most serious serving offense
    • Murder → Lower Likelihood of Recidivating

  • The inmate’s theft offense counts within five years prior to admission
    • More Counts → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

  • Number of visits the inmate gets one year prior to release
    • More Visits → Lower Likelihood of Recidivating

  • Bus ticket furnished by the department due to inmate’s lack of adequate funds to pay for their own release transportation or lack of an outside party willing to pick up the inmate
    • Bus Ticket → Higher Likelihood of Recidivating

Table of Contents

Full Report: Download/view a PDF version of this publication formatted for printing by using the link in the table below. If you need assistance viewing these files, please visit our Accessibility information.


Full Report Download 333k DOCX file

Prepared by:
Florida Department of Corrections
Bureau of Research and Data Analysis

Inquiries relating to this report can be directed to:
David Ensley (850) 717-3645


Privacy Policy | Accessibility