Residential Offender Programs Report
September 1, 1991 - December 31, 1998
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Probation and Restitution Center programs normally last less than six months. Between July 1, 1994 and December 31, 1998, 4,521 offenders had been released from the PRCs. About 40% of those (1,817) had successfully completed a program, 2,433 (53.8%) had failed to complete the program, and 271 (5.9%) were terminated for medical or administrative reasons. Rates of program completion vary from a low of 24.2% to a high of 62.9% (for the new Tallahassee PRC program run by Disc Village) among the 12 facilities.
Across all facilities, 965 (21.3%) had been recommitted to state prison by December 31, 1998. Some 869 (19.2%) had been returned to some form of community supervision, while 2300 (57.5%) had no recommitment. Recommitment rates rise as the time since program termination increases. In the first year, less that 2% of offenders were recommitted to state prison, and only 8.6% to community supervision. After two years or more, those percentages increase to 30.3% for prison and 24.9% for supervision.
Among offenders who successfully complete programs, 72% have no recommitment, and 88.5% have no recommitment to state prison. Even after two years, only 17.4% of those completing programs successfully have been incarcerated, and 58.8% have had no new commitment to the Department of Corrections.
Successful program completion varies with age, but without a clear pattern.Among those 19 and under, 32.4% successfully completed programs, -- a figure comparable to that for offenders age 30-34 (37.6%) and 35-39 (39.6%). Successful program completion is higher (40.9%) for those in the age 20-24 bracket and for those 25-29 and over 40. Age shows a somewhat more consistent relationship with recommitment rates. Among those 19 and under, 33.1% have been recommitted to state prison, compared to 19.3% for offenders age 35-39. The lowest recommitment rates are seen for those age 50-54 (17.3%) and 45-49 (10.8%). These age differences may reflect the fact that some young "boot camp" graduates have been placed in PRCs as a transitional phase, and appear to be making a successful adjustment.
PRCs have served 4,441 males and 625 females, 2,864 white offenders, 2,157 black offenders, and 45 of other ethnic categories. A total of 5,066 offenders have been served by these facilities.
The average time to successful program completion is 143 days, and the average time to program failure is 75 days. The variation by facility in average time to program completion is from 116 days to 205 days.