GOAL: The sentence imposed by the sentencing judge reflects the length of actual time to be served, shortened only by the application of incentive and meritorious gain-time. F.S. 921.001(4)(a)5.
FACT: Although the prison sentence lengths imposed by courts have not changed dramatically from FY 1992-93 to FY 1996-97, the repeal of basic gain-time and elimination of the early prison release program has significantly increased actual time served in prison.
|Average Percentage of Time Served Over Seven Years|
|Comparison of State Prison Sentence Length to Estimated Number of|
|Years Served for Selected Offenses|
|Pre-1994 vs. 1994-95 Sentencing Guidelines Policy|
|Avg. Sentence Length in Years||Est. # of Years Served|
|Primary Offense||FY 1992-93 Pre-1994 Guidelines Policy||FY 1996-97 1994-95 Guidelines Policy||Diff.||FY 1992-93 Pre-1994 Guidelines Policy*||FY 1996-97 1994-95 Guidelines Policy**||Diff.|
|2nd Degree Murder||18.4||18.1||-0.34||12.5||16.5||+4.0|
|1st Degree Sexual Battery||8.7||12.0||+3.3||5.1||10.8||+5.8|
|Robbery with Weapon||9.1||7.5||-1.6||6.5||8.0||+1.5|
|Burglary of Structure||3.6||2.2||-1.4||2.2||2.9||+0.7|
|Burglary of Dwelling||5.3||3.4||-1.9||3.1||3.9||+0.9|
|Grand Theft, Automobile||3.0||1.5||-1.5||1.8||2.2||+0.4|
|*The Pre-1994 Guidelines Policy estimates of time served are based on FY 1992-93 sentences to state prison, assuming33% basic gain-time reduction and 25% incentive gain-time reduction of state prison sentences, and excluding offenses committed before 1/1/90. The estimates assume no early prison release through the control release program, used until December 1994 to reduce prison overcrowding.|
|**The 1994-95 Guidelines Policy estimates of time served are based on FY 1995-96 sentences to state prison, assuming75% of sentence served for offenses committed between 1/1/94 and 9/30/95 and 85% of sentence served for offenses committed on or after 10/1/95.|