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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Executive Summary: Secure Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

Long-term Residential (Secure) Substance Abuse Treatment Programs are community-based, full service, long-term substance abuse therapeutic communities (secure indicates a long-term program, not a program in a locked facility) with two components. The Intensive Treatment Component ((ITC) lasts up to twelve (12) months. During the ITC the offender only participates in counseling and therapeutic and educational activities at the residential facility. The Employment/Re-Entry component (ERC) lasts six (6) months with a primary focus on successful re-entry into the community. During the ERC gaining and maintaining employment is incorporated into the offenders treatment plan. The offender resides in the treatment facility while maintaining gainful employment in the community. In this component the offender participates in a minimum of six hours of counseling per week. The residential program is staffed by paid awake staff 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Programs receiving funds through the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) federal grant are considered RSAT programs.

Profiles of Secure Residential Program Facilities On June 30, 2002

Facility Start Date Number of Beds
Bradenton DTC/Operation PAR June 1993 118
Phoenix House* November 1993 180
First Step September 1991 10
Operation Par September 1991 75
Spectrum-Broward September 1991 45
Spectrum-Dade January 1995 33
TOTAL 461
Average Per Diem on July 1, 2001

$43.73

* Formerly known as Daytop Ocala November 1993 - June 1999.

Profiles of Closed Secure Residential Programs

Facility Dates of Operation
DISC Village-Tallahassee October 2000-March 2002

Workload

Table 2A: Secure Treatment Program Enrollment Data by Fiscal Year
  • Secure programs began with only 188 new enrollments in the start-up year, and increased substantially in the next three (3) years. Enrollments have remained relatively constant since 1994-95. This year's enrollments total 734.
  • For 2001-02, 1,094 different offenders participated in a Secure program.
  • On any given day, as seen in the June 30th offender counts for each year, there are about 434 offenders in the programs.
  • Since 1991, the programs have served 10,226 different offenders.

Table 2B: FY 2001-02 Secure Treatment Program Enrollment Data by Facility

  • The programs vary substantially in size. While First Step had less than nine (9) offenders on June 30, 2002, Phoenix House had 168 offenders.

Outcomes

Table 2C(a): Secure Treatment, Program Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a three (3) year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. If they participated in more than one (1) program, they are counted as successful if they completed at least one (1) program.
  • On average, Secure programs had a 37.6% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits).
  • Success rates have dropped over the seven (7) year period, from 44.9% to 44.1%.
  • The proportion of offenders whose final program outcome is an administrative exit has decreased over the history of the programs from 23.0% to 14.8%.

Table 2C(b): Secure Treatment, Program Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year

  • This table shows outcomes based on a two (2) year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. For FY 1999-00, Secure programs had a 43.6% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits).

Table 2D: FY 2001-02 Secure Treatment Exit Data (Event-Based) by Facility

  • Looking at the outcome of the offender's experience in each program from which they exited, the success rate varies from 60.4% for Spectrum to 34.6% for Operation PAR.
  • On average, these programs had a 36.7% success rate with offenders exiting their program during this fiscal year. Administrative exits averaged 19% for the year. As seen in the prior table, many of these administrative exits lead to subsequent enrollments in other programs.

Recommitments

Table 2E: FY 1999-00 (2-Year Follow-up), Secure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • At two (2) years after program exit, recommitment rates for Secure program completers are substantially lower than for program non-completers (20.3% vs. 53.8%). This pattern holds true for each type of recommitment except for return to supervision for a technical violation.
  • Completers (10.2%) are slightly lower in total recommitments to community supervision (for either a new offense or technical violation) than non-completers (14.1%).
  • Prison recommitments rates for program completers are much smaller non-completers (10.2% vs. 38.7%).

Table 2F: FY 1998-99 (3-Year Follow-up), Secure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For a three year follow-up period, Secure program completers remain lower than non-completers in overall recommitments (35.4% vs. 61.1%), and this pattern is true for all recommitment types except return to supervision for a technical violation.
  • The greatest are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical violations) for completers (13.8%) versus non-completers (44.5%).

Table 2G: FY 1997-98 (4-Year Follow-up), Secure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • While the overall recommitment rate increases, program completers remain significantly lower than non-completers (38.2% vs. 71.1%).
  • About 15.7% of completers were recommitted to supervision (new offense or technical), compared to 13.5% for non-completers.
  • The greatest differences are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical violations) for completers (22.6%) versus non-completers (57.6%).

Table 2H: FY 1996-97 (5-Year Follow-up), Secure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For this cohort, at five (5) years after program completion, recommitments average 46.7% for program completers and 73.5% for non-completers.
  • Completers are slightly higher (16.6%) than non-completers (15.2%) in returns to supervision, but remain significantly lower for prison commitments (30.1% vs. 58.3%).

Table 2I: FY 1995-96 (6-Year Follow-up), Secure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • Program completers more likely to serve another period of supervision (15.3% vs. 13.0%), but are substantially lower in prison commitments (34.5% vs. 66.2%).
  • Note that the number of offenders who can be followed for a six (6) year period is limited, since the programs were not as large in the early years.