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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Timothy H. Cannon, Interim Secretary

Executive Summary: Residential TC Services (Modality 2)

Residential Therapeutic Community (TC) (Modality 2) is a nine (9) to twelve (12) month residential therapeutic community program divided into four phases. Inmates are housed together, separate from other inmates. Inmates spend at least 20 hours per week in programming in a positive environment wherein participants have similar problems of chemical abuse and criminal thinking. They live and work together to change their lives residing in the therapeutic community. Clinical staff are available to provide and supervise activities a minimum of six (6) days per week, for a minimum of sixty (60) structured program hours per week.

Profiles of Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Program Facilities

Facility Provider Number of Program Slots
Broward CI Florida Department of Corrections 45
Gainesville CI Civigenics, Inc. 68
Jefferson CI (Alternative) Florida Addictions and Corrections Treatment 68
Reality House ACT Corporation 85
Walton CI Unlimited Path, Inc. 68
Zephyrhills CI Florida Department of Corrections 135
Total 469

Workload

Table 3A: Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Program Enrollment Data, by Fiscal Year
  • During the ten-year period of this report, 37,630 different inmates have been enrolled in Modality 2 programming.
  • On June 30, 2005 there were only 464 inmates enrolled in Modality 2 programming.
  • The significant decrease in the number of different inmates that enrolled in Modality 2 programming during FY 2002-03, from previous years reflects the full impact of reduced funding for institutional substance abuse programs that began during FY 2001-02.
Table 3B: FY 2004-05 Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Program Enrollment Data, by Facility
  • In FY 2004-05, 2,084 different inmates participated in Modality 2 programming.
  • In FY 2004-05 Zephyrhills CI had the greatest number (322) of different inmates enrolled in Modality 2 programming.

Outcomes

Table 3C(1): Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Program Outcomes by Fiscal Year, by Inmate (3-Year Follow-up)
  • Based on a 3-year follow-up after initial program entry, for the 8-year period covered by this report, the 30,359 program exits included 13,175 (43.4%) that were successful; 9,357 (30.8%) that were unsuccessful; and 7,827 (25.8%) that were administrative.
  • The Total success rate for the 8-year period covered by this report is 58.5%.
  • The Total success rate trend has shown an “up and down” tendency with a high in FY 1994-95 of 71.1% and a low in FY 1998-99 of 41.8%.
  • Most of the exits for the 8-year period covered by this report (43.4%) were successful.
Table 3C(2): Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Program Outcomes by Fiscal Year, by Inmate (2-Year Follow-up)
  • For FY 2002-03, the success rate was 71.8%.
Table 3D: FY 2004-05 Residential TC Services Modality 2 Exit Data (Event-Based), by Facility
  • The overall success rate across facilities for FY 2004-05 was 69.3%.
  • For FY 2004-05, most of the outcome events were successful (53.7%).
  • For FY 2004-05, the Modality 2 program at Reality House had the highest success rate at 92.7%.

Recommitment Rates7

Table 3E: FY 2002-03 (2-Year Follow-up), Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Recommitment Data, by Level of Participation
  • For a 2-year follow-up on Modality 2 participants released during FY 2002-03, program completers were less likely to be recommitted to prison or community supervision than program non-completers (32.2% vs. 35.6%).
Table 3F: FY 2001-02 (3-Year Follow-up), Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Recommitment Data, by Level of Participation
  • For a 3-year follow-up on Modality 2 participants released during FY 2001-02, program completers were less likely to be recommitted to prison or community supervision than program non-completers (39.7% vs. 46.1%).
Table 3G: FY 2000-01 (4-Year Follow-up), Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Recommitment Data, by Level of Participation
  • For a 4-year follow-up on Modality 2 participants released during FY 1999-00, program completers were less likely to be recommitted to prison or community supervision than program non-completers (45.9% vs. 50.2%).
Table 3H: FY 1999-00 (5-Year Follow-up), Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Recommitment Data, by Level of Participation
  • For a 5-year follow-up on Modality 2 participants released in FY 1999-00 program completers were less likely to be recommitted to prison or community supervision than program non-completers (52.1% vs. 57.0%).
Table 3I: FY 1998-99 (6-Year Follow-up), Residential TC Services (Modality 2) Recommitment Data, by Level of Participation
  • For a 6-year follow-up on Modality 2 participants released in FY 1998-99, program completers were less likely to be recommitted to prison or community supervision than program non-completers (55.7% vs. 61.1%).

In summarizing the recommitment data, in general, the recommitment rate for program completers has been better than that for program non-completers. For FY 2001-02 releases, the recommitment rate for program completers was substantially better than program non-completers, with recommitment rates of 39.7% and 46.1%,, respectively.

7Year released from prison. Program completion occurred sometime during the period of incarceration.