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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Timothy H. Cannon, Interim Secretary

Program Types

The Florida Department of Corrections has developed Correctional Substance Abuse Programs at Institutional and Community-Based sites throughout the state.  These programs serve offenders with substance involvement, abuse, dependence or related problems.  The Department of Children and Families in accordance with Chapter 397 Florida Statutes and Chapter 65D-30 Florida Administrative Code license all in-prison substance abuse programs.  The programs' principle objectives are to identify substance abusers, assess the severity of their drug problems, and provide the appropriate substance abuse program services.

All inmates are screened at reception, and those inmates identified as being in need of services become Mandated Program Participants (MPP’s) and are placed on the department's centralized Statewide Automated Priority List for placement in a substance abuse program.  Inmates screened as being in need of services are either referred to a substance abuse program or placed on a waiting list pending availability of such programming. The Bureau of Substance Abuse Program Services is responsible for the coordination and delivery of substance abuse program services for offenders under community supervision and in prison.  

  • Prevention (TIER 1) services are offered on a limited basis and do not meet the requirements of a mandatory substance abuse program participation.  Prevention services include activities and strategies that would increase awareness and knowledge of the risks of substance abuse, improve life skills, and responsible behavior.  Generally, a substance abuse counselor provides these services in a group setting.

  • Intensive Outpatient services have a variable length of stay based on the individual's progress.  The typical length of stay is four (4) months and may be extended up to six (6) months.  A minimum of twelve (12) counselor-supervised hours of program activities occurs per week per inmate, a minimum of four (4) days per week.

  • Residential Therapeutic Community (TC) services provide inmates participating in the program with housing together in an existing dormitory at the respective institution and separated from the general inmate population to the fullest extent possible.  The length of stay will vary based on the individual's progress in the program.  The typical length of stay is nine (9) months and may be extended up to twelve (12) months.

    Residential Therapeutic Community encompasses a diverse curriculum that encourages participants who have similar problems of chemical abuse or dependency to live and work together to change their lives. The TC model emphasizes structure, responsibility, credibility, accountability, discipline, consistency, peer-to-peer interaction, and consequences/limit setting.  Residential Therapeutic Community services are dedicated to facilitating change, growth, and improved self-worth for each member of the community.  

    Clinical staff are available to provide and supervise activities a minimum of six (6) days per week, for a minimum of sixty (60) structured program hours per week.  Program services attempt to instill educational, vocational and other work and social skills necessary for the inmates' successful re-entry into society. 

  • Substance Abuse Program Center (Continuum of Services) offers a continuum of substance abuse services including prevention, outpatient, intensive outpatient, and aftercare services as well as education/vocational services.   The focus is on teaching, developing and practicing re-entry/transitional skills necessary for a successful drug-free re-entry into the community upon release from prison.  Inmates residing in a program center will receive the appropriate level of substance abuse services in addition to groups focusing on criminal thinking, family development, anger management, domestic violence, victim awareness as well as other appropriate topics.  The following services are available to inmates at the Program Center:

    • Prevention services include family development, anger management, domestic violence, victim awareness, criminal conduct and other appropriate modules. Inmates in this course are not substance abuse MPP's. 
    • Outpatient services provide all the prevention modules in addition to substance abuse specific groups/modules.  Inmates generally need to spend at least 4 months in the outpatient track (this is considered intensive outpatient). Inmates in this course are substance abuse MPP's who have not completed an Intensive Outpatient or Residential Treatment Community program prior to entering the program.  These inmates will also have a ranking score. 
    • Aftercare services are focused on relapse prevention-modules.  Inmates in this track receive or have received all the prevention modules in addition to intensive substance abuse services. 

  • Alternative Programs are non-deity based Intensive Outpatient or Residential Therapeutic Community substance abuse programs for inmates who object to traditional programming.

  • Pre-Program Motivation/Readiness Classes (TIERRD) are didactic in nature and focus on denial, addiction, recovery principles, program motivation, self and mutual help concepts and other related substance abuse topics. These groups are open-ended, with no completion requirements and no clinical documentation required. Generally, they are held on a weekly basis. Inmates are directly admitted from these groups to either Intensive Outpatient or Residential Therapeutic Community at the earliest available date.

  • Alumni Groups (IALUM) are held weekly for inmates who have completed MODALITY 1 or MODALITY 2. Inmates who complete Intensive Outpatient or Residential Therapeutic Community are required to participate in the on-going Alumni groups, as long as they are at a facility offering them. Alumni groups may lead by peers, although a counselor is to be present when the group is conducted. Alumni groups serve as a support group.  They are open-ended with no completion requirements.

  • Alcoholics Anonymous/Narcotics Anonymous (AA/NA) Recovery and Support Groups are available for both substance abuse program participants and for designated inmates in the institution's/facility's general population, and are coordinated by substance abuse staff at facilities that have substance abuse programs. Traditional twelve-step, specialized and alternative support groups are utilized as adjuncts to primary substance abuse programming.  

  • Post-release Substance Abuse Transitional Housing Programs assist released offenders by providing substance abuse re-entry and relapse prevention services, transitional housing, and other support services. The program provides housing, three meals a day, electricity, access to local phone service, job placement assistance, and other transitional services. The target population for this program is recently released inmates with histories of substance use/abuse problems, particularly those who have completed a Department in-prison or community-based drug treatment program, and are in need of transitional housing and services upon their release from incarceration. Program participants do not have to be under Department supervision to participate. Enrollment in the program is strictly voluntary, however, all enrolled program participants are required to participate in program activities and abide by program rules. Program participants may not be discharged for failure to participate in post-release components of the program.

  • Department Operated Work Release Centers with Contracted Counselors These programs offer a continuum of licensed services including intervention, outpatient and aftercare. Services are provided based on inmate's individualized needs. Outpatient services are a minimum of four months and Aftercare/alumni services are provided until the inmate is released. Intervention services are provided to inmates with less than 4 months to serve. The counselor to client ratio is 1:50.