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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Executive Summary: Probation and Restitution Centers

Probation and Restitution Centers are medium intensity residential programs for selected offenders on probation or community control who require more supervision. The program length is approximately five (5) months. The PRC offers the court an alternative sanction, providing a highly structured environment that stresses employment and restitution to the victim, community service work, GED and basic life skills, group and individual counseling, and other opportunities for self-improvement. All offenders in the PRC receive a substance abuse evaluation and, if treatment is needed, are treated at the PRC facility. The residential program is staffed by paid awake staff 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Profiles of Probation and Restitution Centers On June 30, 2002

Facility Status Facility Capacity
Bradenton PRC Closed September 2002 42
Broward PRC Closed February 2002 58
Jacksonville PRC-Salvation Army Active 27
Lakeland PRC Closed January 2001 0
Orlando PRC Closed February 2002 58
Pensacola PRC Closed May 2002 41
St. Petersburg PRC Closed January 2001 0
Tallahassee Disc Village Closed April 2000 0
Tampa PRC Closed June 2001 40
West Palm Beach PRC Closed December 2000 0
TOTAL 266
Note:It was anticipated that the PRC's would not be funded after FY 2000-01. Closure of some centers was initiated. The 2001-2002 state budget did fund the program and a decision was made to outsource the services. Therefore, non-contracted program closures continued. A new program was designed. Statewide bed capacity is expected to return to 400 during FY 2002-2003.

Workload

Table 3A: PRC Enrollment Data by Fiscal Year
  • PRC facilities began with 1,077 new enrollments in the start-up year and have remained relatively constant from FY1994-95 through FY1999-00. Enrollments dropped to 645 in 2000-01 and to 306 in 2001-02, due to the anticipated closure of PRC's.
  • For FY 2001-02, 338 different offenders participated in a PRC.
  • As seen in the June 30th offender counts for each year, there are now only 39 offenders in the programs.
  • Since 1994, the facilities have served 9,337 different offenders.

Table 3B: FY 2001-02 PRC Enrollment Data by Facility

  • Due to the anticipated closure of PRCs, the number of facilities with new enrollments is half of the number of facilities in FY 2000-01
  • There were no new enrollments after January 2002 in the Orlando and Broward PRC's and no new enrollments after March 2002 in the Pensacola PRC due to closure of those facilities.

Outcomes

Table 3C(a): PRC Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a three (3)-year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. If they participated in more than one (1) program, they are counted as successful if they completed at least one (1) program.
  • On average, PRC's had a 44.8% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits) for the most recent follow-up period.
  • Success rates increased from 36.8% in FY1994-95 to 48.2% in FY 1998-99.
  • The proportion of offenders whose final program outcome is an administrative exit has averaged 6.5%.
Table 3C(b): PRC Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a two (2) year follow-up after the offender first entered a PRC. For FY1999-00, the PRC program had a 48.3% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits).

Table 3D: FY 2001-02 PRC Exit Data (Event-Based) by Facility

  • Reviewing the outcome of the offender's experience in each program from which they exited, the success rate varies from 16.7% for the Orlando PRC to 47.6% for Pensacola PRC.
  • On average, these programs had a 37.3% success rate with offenders exiting their program during this fiscal year. Administrative exits averaged 23.7% for the year. As seen in the prior table, many of these administrative exits lead to subsequent enrollments in other programs.

Recommitments

Table 3E: FY 1999-00 (2-Year Follow-up), PRC Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • At two (2) years past program completion, recommitment rates for PRC program completers (29.8%) are substantially lower than for program non-completers (51.0%).
  • This pattern holds true for each type of recommitment except return to supervision for a technical violation.
  • Prison recommitments (new offense or technical) for program completers are far less than that for non-completers (14.6% vs. 35.9%).
  • Returns to supervision (new offense or technical) are about the same for completers (15.2%) and non-completers (15.1%).

Table 3F: FY 1998-99 (3-Year Follow-up), PRC Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For a three (3)-year follow-up period, PRC program completers remain lower than non-completers in overall recommitments (38.7% vs. 58.1%).
  • The greatest differences are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical) for completers (19.7%) and non-completers (40.4%).
  • There is a slightly higher rate of return to supervision (new offense or technical) for completers (19.0%) than non-completers (17.7%).

Table 3G: FY 1997-98 (4-Year Follow-up), PRC Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • While the overall recommitment rate increases slightly from 3-year rates, program completers (42.3%) remain significantly lower than non-completers (65.6%).
  • The greatest differences are for recommitment to prison (new offense or technical) for completers (18.4%) and non-completers (46.8%).
  • There is a slightly higher rate of return to supervision (new offense or technical) for completers (23.9%) than non-completers (18.8%).

Table 3H: FY 1996-97 (5-Year Follow-up), PRC Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For this cohort, at five (5) years past program exit, recommitments average 43.8% for program completers and 68.1% for non-completers.
  • Completers are slightly higher (23.9%) than non-completers (19.3%) in returns to supervision, but remain lower for prison commitments (19.9% vs. 48.8%).

Table 3I: FY 1995-96 (6-Year Follow-up), PRC Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For this cohort, at six (6) years past program exit, recommitments average 53.0% for program completers and 74.3% for non-completers.
  • Completers are significantly higher (25.2%) than non-completers (18.1%) in returns to supervision, but remain lower for prison commitments (27.8% vs. 56.1%).