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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Timothy H. Cannon, Interim Secretary

Executive Summary: Nonsecure Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

Nonsecure Substance Abuse Treatment Programs are six (6)-month medium-intensity residential programs, consisting of a two (2)-month intensive treatment component in which offenders live and remain at the facility twenty-four (24) hours per day, followed by a four (4)-month employment/re-entry component. These programs target offenders who have failed outpatient or day/night treatment, or are evaluated as needing this level of structured environment. The programs provide an alternative residential sanction to the court. They began September 1, 1991.

Profiles of Nonsecure Residential Program Facilities

Facility Dates of Operation

Number
Beds
Funded

Agape Center -Homestead February, 1995 -

30

A Better Way of Miami March 2000

30

Broken Glass / Steps* June, 1995 - November 1999

4

Broward Bridges December, 1991 -

155

Keys to Recovery December, 1994 -

12

CARP - Jensen Beach June, 1995 -

45

CARP, West Palm Beach April, 1992 -

45

Central FL Human Services* January, 1992 - Feb. 1997

0

Concept House, Miami April 24, 2000 -

30

DACCO - Tampa December, 1991 -

75

Dade Bridge-Miami* Feb. 1995 - June 1998

0

Salvation Army- Daytona September, 1991 -

50

Disc Village-Tallahassee December, 1991 -

40

Drug Abuse Foundation, WPB January, 1992 -

30

First Step Sarasota July, 1993 -

50

Ft. Myers SA December, 1991 -

47

Gainesville Bridge May 1, 1995 -

50

House of Hope July 1, 1999

70

Jacksonville-SA September, 1991 -

60

Keeton Pensacola December, 1992 -

60

Keeton-Panama City March, 1995 -

60

Ocala-Keeton September, 1991 -

75

Orlando Bridge September , 1991 -

120

Polk Bridge February, 1997

85

Sanford Bridge November, 1993 -

88

Serenity House* Nov. 1, 1994-Nov. 1, 1995

0

St, Pete Goodwill December, 1991 -

105

Susan B Anthony March 1, 2000

8

Tampa Crossroads January, 1992 -

21

Village Partners/South-Miami December, 1991 - February, 2000

60

TOTAL

1505

*These facilities are no longer under contract
Average Per Diem

$34.89

Workload

Table 1A: Nonsecure Treatment Program Enrollment Data by Fiscal Year
  • Nonsecure programs began with only 1,051 new enrollments in the start-up year, and increased steadily until 1996-97. After two (2) years of small declines in enrollments (FY 1997-98 and FY 1998-99), in FY 99-00, there were 3,599 new enrollments.
  • Over the course of a year, the number of different offenders participating in a nonsecure program has increased from 946 to more than 4,649.
  • As seen in the June 30th offender counts for each year, there are now about 1,354 offenders in the programs. This has more than tripled since the programs began (474 at the end of FY 1991-92).
  • Since 1991, the programs have served 30,342 different offenders.

Table IB: FY 1999-00 Nonsecure Treatment Program Enrollment Data by Facility

  • Most programs have less than 100 offenders at any given time
  • The largest programs during this fiscal year have been Bridges of Orlando and Broward Bridges. Broken Glass-Melbourne ended operation in November 1999. Only four (4) beds were funded in this fiscal year. Two (2) new programs began during the year: Concept House-Miami was established in April 2000; Better Way-Miami was established in March 2000.

Outcomes

Table 1C: Nonsecure Treatment, Program Outcomes for Offenders by Fiscal Year
  • This table shows outcomes based on a three (3)-year follow-up after the offender first entered a program of this type. If they participated in more than one (1) program, they are counted as successful if they completed at least one (1) program.
  • On average, Nonsecure programs had a 58.3% success rate (successful exits divided by successful and unsuccessful exits) for the most recent follow-up period.
  • Success rates have increased slightly over the six (6)-year period, from 59.4% to 60.8%.
  • The proportion of offenders whose final program outcome is an administrative exit has decreased from 10.5% to 5.4%.

Table 1D: FY 1999-00 Nonsecure Treatment Exit Data (Event-Based) by Facility

  • Looking at the outcome of the offender's experience in each program from which they exited, the success rate varies from 40% for House of Hope, to 91.7% for Care Center-Upper Keys (one of the smallest programs).
  • On average, these programs had a 58.1% success rate with each offender exiting their program during this fiscal year. Administrative exits averaged 7.7% for the year. As seen in the prior table, many of these administrative exits lead to subsequent enrollments in other programs.

Recommitments

Table 1E: FY 1997-98 (2-Year Follow-up), Nonsecure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation
  • At two (2) years after the program completion, recommitment rates for nonsecure program completers (29.8%) are substantially lower than for program non-completers.
  • The only recommitment type which is greater for program completers is return to supervision for a technical violation (8.4% vs. 7.2%).
  • Completers and non-completers are approximately equal in total recommitments to community supervision (for either a new offense or technical violation)
  • The greatest difference is for recommitment to prison, where those who completed programs have less than half the rate for non-completers (16.4% vs. 33.5%).

Table 1F: FY 1996-97 (3-Year Follow-up), Nonsecure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • For a three (3)-year follow-up period, nonsecure program completers remain lower than non-completers in overall recommitments (38.1% vs. 59.6%), and this pattern is true for all recommitment types - prison, supervision, new offense, and technical.
  • The greatest differences are still for recommitment to prison (21.3% vs. 39.5%).

Table 1G: FY 1995-96 (4-Year Follow-up), Nonsecure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • While the overall recommitment rate increases, program completers remain significantly lower than non-completers in all categories except recommitment to supervision for a technical violation.
  • About 46.9% of completers were recommitted, compared to 61.3% for non-completers.

Table 1H: FY 1994-95 (5-Year Follow-up), Nonsecure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • Five (5)-year recommitments average 49.7% for completers vs. 66.4% for non-completers.
  • ompleters are slightly higher (8.7%) than non-completers (8.0%) in returns to supervision, but remain lower for prison commitments (21.3% vs. 26.9%).

Table 1I: FY 1993-94 (6-Year Follow-up), Nonsecure Treatment Recommitment Data by Level of Participation

  • Program completers remain slightly more likely to serve another period of supervision, but are substantially lower in admissions to prison.
  • Note that the number of offenders who can be followed for a six (6)-year period is limited, since the programs were not as large in the early years.