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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Michael D. Crews

Florida Department of Corrections
Michael D. Crews, Secretary

Section 2: Violent Crimes

Violent offenders who have been sentenced to prison under the current minimum 85% of sentence served policy, on average, will serve a significantly longer period of time in prison than at any time over the past 25 years. The average time served under this policy has been 7.1 years of incarceration compared to 6.2 years under the parole system of the early 1980's and 4.7 years during the early prison release policy of the late 80's and early 90's (chart 5).

Violent offenders sentenced to prison in the latest fiscal year (2003-2004) will serve longer prison terms than any year over the past two and a half decades. In fact, actual time served has increased 102.9% (3.5 years to 7.1 years) from FY1987-1988 to FY2003-2004 (chart 6).

16.8% of the violent offenders sentenced under the current minimum 85% time served policy will serve more than 10 years in prison, compared to 10.7% under the parole system and 9.4% when early prison release existed (chart 7).

Chart 5
All Violent Crimes
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
All Violent Crimes, Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004:  Rose from 6.2 in 1982 to 7.1 in 2004.

Chart 6
All Violent Crimes
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
All Violent Crimes, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004: Rose from 6.3 in 1979 to 7.1 in 2004.

Chart 7
All Violent Crimes
Percent of Prison Admissions Serving More Than 10 Years
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-80 to FY 2003-2004
All Violent Crimes, Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004.  Rose from 10.7% in 1982 to 16.8% in 2004.

Murder and Manslaughter

Offenders who have been sentenced to prison for murder or manslaughter will serve an average of 19.1 years in prison under the minimum 85% of sentence served policy compared to 13.1 years under the old parole system and 12.2 years when early prison release existed (chart 8).

Murder and manslaughter offenders sentenced to prison in FY2003-2004 will serve an average of 20.5 years, compared to 12.2 years in FY1980-1981 and 9.8 years in FY1987-1988 (chart 9).

Offenders convicted today of Second Degree Murder will serve more time in prison today, 21.6 years. They will serve significantly more time than the low of 6.5 years in FY1986-1987 (chart 11).

Chart 8
Murder/Manslaughter
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-80 to FY 2003-2004
Murder/Manslaughter, Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004:  Rose from 13.1 in 1982 to 19.1 in 2004.

Chart 9
Murder/Manslaughter
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Murder/Manslaughter, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004.  Rose from 14.9 in 1979 to 20.5 in 2004.

Chart 10
Murder
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004*
Chart shows average prison time served in years for new admissions by fiscal year:  Rose from 21.2 in 1979 to 26.9 in 2004.
*Includes Actual and Attempted Murder.

Chart 11
Second Degree Murder
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Average Prison Time served in years for new admissions by fiscal year: Rose from 13.0% in 1979 to 21.6% in 2004.

Sexual Crimes

Sex offenders will serve more time in prison under the current minimum 85% of sentence served policy than under any other previous punishment policy. The average time served for sex offenders under the current minimum 85% of sentence served policy is 7.8 years compared to a low of 6.3 years under the 1983 sentencing guidelines (chart 12).

Sexual battery offenders, on average, served actual prison terms of 2.7 years in FY 1985-1986. In FY 2003-2004, these offenders will serve an average of 6.1 years, a 125.9% increase (chart 13).

Lewd acts on children resulted in actual prison terms of 2.1 years in FY 1986-1987. In FY 2003-2004, these offenders will serve an average of 5.6 years, a 166.7% increase (chart 14).

Chart 12
All Sexual Crimes
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004*
All Sexual Crimes - Average Prison Time served for new admissions rose from 7.5 in 1982 to 7.8 in 2004.
*Includes Actual and Attempted Sexual Crimes.

Chart 13
Sexual Battery
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Sexual Battery, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004: dropped slightly from 6.3 in 1979 to 6.2 in 2004.

Chart 14
Lewd Act on a Child
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Lewd Act on a Child, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-80 to 1998-99:  Rose from 3.2 in 1979 to 5.6 in 1999.

Robbery

Robbery offenders entering prison in FY2003-2004 will serve an average of 7.5 years compared to a low of 2.0 years in FY1987-1988 (chart 16).

Offenders convicted of armed robbery will serve more prison time today, 10.1 years, than any time over the past 25 years and they will serve significantly more time today than the low of 2.8 years in FY1987-1988 (chart 17).

Chart 15
Robbery
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Robbery, Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-80 to 1998-99:  Rose from 4.8 in 1982 to 7.1 in 1999.

Chart 16
Robbery
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Robbery, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004:  Rose from 4.2 in 1979 to 7.5 in 2004.

Chart 17
Armed Robbery
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Armed Robbery Average Prison time served in years for new admissions: rose from 5.0 in 1979 to 18.2 in 1999.

Other Violent Crimes

Offenders convicted of "Other Violent Crimes," which includes primarily aggravated assault and aggravated battery, entering prison in FY 2003-2004 will serve an average of 3.7 years incarcerated compared to a low of 1.3 years in FY1987-1988 (chart 19).

Chart 18
Other Violent Crimes
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Other Violent Crimes, Under Different Sentencing Policies: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004  Rose from 2.8 in 1982 to 3.7 in 2004.

Chart 19
Other Violent Crimes
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Other Violent Crimes, By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-80 to 1998-99: Rose from 3.1 to 4.9 in 1999.

Assault or Battery on Law Enforcement Officers

In FY1987-1988, the average offender convicted of committing assault or battery on a law enforcement officer served less than one year in prison (0.8 years). In fiscal year 2003-2004, these offenders who harm or make threats to harm police officers will serve 2.7 years in prison, a 237.5% increase (chart 20).

Chart 20
Assault or Battery on Law Enforcement Officers
Average Prison Time Served in Years for New Admissions
By Fiscal Year: FY 1979-1980 to FY 2003-2004
Assault or Battery on Law Enforcement Officers:  Rose from 2.0 in 1979 to 2.7 in 2004.