Re-Entry begins at the point of institutional intake when key information is gathered or collected and a strategy for preparing offenders for release is initially developed.
Correctional professionals and their partners who are successful understand that every interaction with an offender is an opportunity to positively influence their behavior.
Collaboration: Working together to achieve a common goal that is difficult or impossible to reach without the assistance of another.
A team will be most successful in reaching its vision for successful offender reentry if it knows where it is, where it wants to go, the obstacles in its way, and the best methods for overcoming those obstacles. Adapted from: CEPP, 2007
Transition Phase: Preparation for release through the development of concrete plans including specific housing arrangements; place of employment; enrollment in community-based programs and services; formalizing plans with pro-social members of the community who will serve the offenders’ community support networks; arranging transportation and identification; etc.
Family members and significant others (including employers, teachers, mentors, spiritual leaders, etc.) can best support offenders when they are aware of the work offenders are undertaking and the skills they are developing, and can support offenders as they practice these new skills in their natural environments.
"In making the transition back into the community, former inmates turn to their spouses, parents, sibling, grandparents, and other family members for assistance. These family members become the ‘front line’ of reentry, providing former inmates with critical material and emotional support including shelter, food, clothing, leads for jobs, and guidance in staying sober or avoiding criminal behavior." Hawaii House of Representative Bill 1 (2007)
History of Anti-social behavior
Solution: Build non-criminal alternative behavior in risky situations
Anti-social personality pattern
Solution: Build problem solving, self-management, anger management, and coping skills
Anti-social attitudes, cognition
Solution:Reduce anti-social thinking; recognize risky thinking and feelings; adopt alternative identity/thinking patterns
Anti-social associates, peers
Solution:Reduce association with anti-social others; enhance contact with pro-social others
Family and/or marital stressors
Solution: Reduce conflict; build positive relationships and communication
Lack of employment stability, achievement/education
Solution: Increase vocational skills; seek employment stability; increase educational achievement
Lack of pro-social leisure activities
Solution: Increase involvement in and level of satisfaction with pro-social activities
Solution: Reduce the supports for substance abusing lifestyle; increase alternative coping strategies and leisure activities
Who you put in a program is important – pay attention to risk (Our main focus is Medium and High Risk).
What you target is important – pay attention to criminogenic needs.
How you target offenders for change is important – use behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches and match to offender type.
How well you implement is important – adhere to research-based program and intervention designs Evidence Based Principles:
Performance Management: The primary value of performing management is to gauge progress relative to desired outcomes and use the information collected to shape decision making and actions that will support greater success over time.
All correctional treatment programs reduce recidivism on average by 10%
With cognitive-behavioral technologies 25-30%
With interpersonal skills training, behavioral interventions, cognitive skills training, mentoring 40%
With functional family therapy, family empowerment, multi-system therapy 60%