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Rick Scott, Governor
Florida Department of Corrections, Secretary Julie L. Jones

Florida Department of Corrections
Julie L. Jones, Secretary

Inmate Mortality

The Florida Department of Corrections (FDC) is committed to providing information to the public in a timely and accurate manner. This section of our website contains an extensive amount of data and information related to inmate mortality and in-custody deaths.  

FDC is responsible for the custody and control of nearly 98,000 inmates in 49 major correctional institutions and numerous satellite facilities across the state. The Department is dedicated to providing proper care and supervision for all inmates incarcerated with us, and provides inmates with access to appropriate levels of health care to meet their needs. 

About our Inmates

Many of our inmates have not had regular access to any form of health care prior to being sentenced to FDC custody.  In addition, many inmates suffer from pre-existing conditions such as alcohol and drug addiction, mental health issues, and chronic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. From the moment they arrive at one of our Reception Centers, we are committed to providing proper care for our inmates as part of preparing them for successful re-entry into the community.

It is important to note that the overall profile of the inmates incarcerated with FDC does not resemble the demographics of Florida’s general population.  Florida’s inmate population is overwhelmingly male (93 percent). Although not as old as the general population in Florida, the proportion of FDC inmates that are 50 years old and older is growing (21.6 percent are currently 50 years old or older, 23.6% increase over the last five years.). Over 6,100 inmates are currently age 60 or older.

Over half of the inmate population – 39 percent – has been convicted of a violent crime such as murder, a sex offense, or aggravated battery.  Property offenses such as burglary and theft make up 25 percent of the population, and possession, sale, or trafficking of drugs accounts for 15 percent of the population.

Investigations

All reported in-custody inmate deaths are investigated by the FDC Office of Inspector General (OIG). As part of a recently announced policy to ensure maximum accountability and transparency, all non-natural deaths will be investigated by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement with investigative support provided by the OIG.

Role of the Medical Examiner in Inmate Mortality

Under Florida law, the district Medical Examiner is required to determine the cause of death for any person who dies in a prison or penal institution. The Medical Examiner has the authority to perform or have performed whatever examinations, investigations, autopsies or laboratory examinations they deem necessary or in the public interest to determine the cause or manner of death of the deceased. Autopsy results and cause and manner of death determinations are releasable only by the Medical Examiner. For a listing of Medical Examiners offices, click here.

Releasable Information

Incarceration does not deprive an individual of his or her right to have information about their health protected from public disclosure.  The Department of Corrections, as a health care provider, is a covered entity for purposes of the Federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) (45 C.F.R. Parts 160, 162, and 164).  Pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.502(f), the Department must comply with the confidentiality requirements of HIPAA with respect to the protected health information of a deceased inmate.  Pursuant to section 945.10(1)(a), Florida Statutes, inmate and offender mental health, medical, or substance abuse records are confidential and exempt from the provisions of Chapter 119, Florida Statutes. 

The Department’s Office of Inspector General (OIG) has conducted investigations on a number of the deaths from non-natural causes; some mortalities of this nature are investigated by other law enforcement entities.

The OIG’s investigation documents about mortalities from a non-natural cause can be viewed at www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/mortality/summary.html or within the mortality by institution information. Portions of these documents have been redacted to remove inmate protected health information (45 C.F.R. § 164.501 et seq; § 945.10 (1) (a), F.S.) and security information/security system plans (§ 119.071 (1) (a), F.S.), which are confidential and exempt from public records disclosure.

OIG summaries on closed cases will continue to be added to this site going forward.  If a mortality of non-natural cause with a “closed” status does not have a summary, it is either because it has not been added yet, or, it was investigated by an entity other than the Department OIG.

Some material on this site may contain actions, words, or descriptions of a graphic nature that may be offensive and/or emotionally disturbing to some viewers. This material may not be suitable for all ages. Please view it with discretion.

Information is added as soon as it becomes available. Once a death has occurred, time is required before it is added here in order for a number of initial steps to be completed, such as notification of next of kin and various activities of investigators.

Executions

Deaths by executions are not reflected in this data. Carrying out the sentence of a court in a capital case is the Florida Department of Corrections' most solemn duty, and the Department remains committed to doing everything it can to ensure a humane and dignified lethal injection process. A list of executions can be found here: http://www.dc.state.fl.us/oth/deathrow/execlist.html

Inmate Mortality as a Percentage of Inmate Population 2000-2016

The graph below reflects inmate deaths as a percentage of overall inmate population from 2000 to 2016.

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Cause of Death by Gender 2000-2016

The table below reflects the number of inmate deaths from 2000 to 2016 by gender and by cause, as determined by the Medical Examiner. A “pending” status indicates that the Department has not received the conclusions of the Medical Examiner.

Year HIV1 Cancer Cardiac Gastro2 Other Medical3 Accident Homicide Suicide Pending Total Total Inmate
Population
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
2000 36 1 46 2 38 3 27 3 21 1 1 0 4 0 7 1 0 0 180 11 191 71,233
2001 25 1 53 2 57 1 15 1 20 1 1 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 176 6 182 72,007
2002 31 4 53 3 45 3 16 0 14 0 5 1 1 0 8 0 0 0 173 11 184 72,553
2003 27 3 64 4 58 3 21 0 27 2 3 0 4 0 4 1 0 0 208 13 221 77,316
2004 12 2 67 4 52 2 20 1 52 3 4 0 2 0 5 0 0 0 214 12 226 81,974
2005 18 1 57 3 71 2 29 1 43 5 2 0 4 0 8 0 0 0 232 12 244 74,901
2006 17 0 73 4 47 1 34 0 60 6 3 0 6 0 9 1 0 0 249 12 261 88,576
2007 15 1 56 1 81 4 21 3 48 2 2 0 6 0 9 0 0 0 238 11 249 92,844
2008 20 4 93 0 69 4 37 2 46 5 4 1 1 0 5 1 0 0 275 16 291 98,192
2009 10 1 91 4 82 3 36 2 27 0 5 0 7 0 8 2 0 0 266 12 278 100,894
2010 12 0 93 7 72 0 33 2 35 3 3 0 6 0 8 0 1 0 263 12 275 102,232
2011 12 2 84 7 69 6 43 1 49 0 6 0 10 0 7 0 1 0 281 16 297 102,319
2012 8 1 104 6 80 3 52 3 40 1 5 0 6 0 10 0 5 0 310 14 324 100,527
2013 7 0 83 9 85 4 49 6 33 5 11 0 7 0 7 0 2 0 281 24 305 100,884
2014 11 0 89 6 72 5 46 2 35 3 7 0 10 0 9 0 47 4 326 20 346 100,942
2015 6 0 55 5 37 2 22 3 31 0 5 0 4 0 12 0 162 10 334 20 354 100,873
2016 0 0 10 0 6 0 8 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 175 9 204 10 213 100,563

1HIV: deaths resulting from complications of, or related to, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
2Gastro: deaths resulting from diseases of the digestive system, including but not limited to, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. 
3Other medical: deaths resulting from medical conditions not included in the other categories, including but not limited to, diabetes, pneumonia, respiratory arrest, multisystem organ failure, kidney disease and infections. 

The links below provide information on inmate deaths by name, date, manner of death and investigative status by each facility and by each year, including most up-to-date in the current year.

Statistics by Facility

Region I

Region II

Region III

Year

Summary



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